Kent in England
|Coordinates: 51°11′N 0°44′E / 51°11′N 0°44′E / 51.19; 0.73|
|Sovereign state|| United Kingdom|
|Lord Lieutenant||Philip Sidney|
|High Sheriff||Mrs Susan Jane Ashton  (2018-19)|
|Area||3,736 km2 (1,442 sq mi)|
| • Ranked||10th of 48|
|Population (mid-2016 est.)||1,820,400|
| • Ranked||6th of 48|
|Density||486/km2 (1,260/sq mi)|
|Ethnicity||89% White British|
|County council||Kent County Council|
|Area||3,544 km2 (1,368 sq mi)|
| • Ranked||10th of 27|
| • Ranked||1st of 27|
|Density||434/km2 (1,120/sq mi)|
Districts of Kent
Unitary County council area
- Tonbridge and Malling
- Tunbridge Wells
- City of Canterbury
- Folkestone and Hythe
|Members of Parliament||List of MPs|
|Time zone||Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)|
| • Summer (DST)||British Summer Time (UTC+1)|
Kent (/) is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south west. The county also shares borders with Essex along the estuary of the River Thames (connected by land via High Speed 1 and the Dartford Crossing), and with the French department of Pas-de-Calais through the Channel Tunnel. The county town is Maidstone.
Canterbury Cathedral in Kent has been the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, leader of the Church of England, since the conversion of England to Christianity by Saint Augustine began in the 6th century. Rochester Cathedral is also located in Kent, in Medway. It is the second-oldest Cathedral in England, with Canterbury Cathedral being the oldest. Between London and the Strait of Dover, which separates it from mainland Europe, Kent has seen both diplomacy and conflict, ranging from the Leeds Castle peace talks of 1978 and 2004 to the Battle of Britain in World War II.
England relied on the county's ports to provide warships through much of its history; the Cinque Ports in the 12th–14th centuries and Chatham Dockyard in the 16th–20th centuries were of particular importance. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone and the White Cliffs of Dover. Hills in the form of the North Downs and the Greensand Ridge span the length of the county and in the series of valleys in between and to the south are most of the county's 26 castles.
Because of its relative abundance of fruit-growing and hop gardens, Kent is known as 'The Garden of England'. The title was defended in 2006 when a survey of beautiful counties by the UKTV Style Gardens channel put Kent in fifth place, behind North Yorkshire, Devon, Derbyshire and Gloucestershire.
Kent's economy is greatly diversified. Haulage, logistics, and tourism are major industries; major industries in north-west Kent include aggregate building materials, printing and scientific research. Coal mining has also played its part in Kent's industrial heritage. Large parts of Kent are within the London commuter belt and its strong transport connections to the capital and the nearby continent makes Kent a high-income county. Twenty-eight per cent of the county forms part of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty: the North Downs and The High Weald.