Kent

Kent
County
Flag of Kent Coat of arms of Kent
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: " Invicta"
Kent within England
Kent in England
Coordinates: 51°11′N 0°44′E / 51°11′N 0°44′E / 51.19; 0.73
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Country England
Region South East
Established Ancient
Ceremonial county
Lord Lieutenant Philip Sidney
High Sheriff G.E. Jessel [1] (2017-18)
Area 3,736 km2 (1,442 sq mi)
 • Ranked 10th of 48
Population (mid-2016 est.) 1,820,400
 • Ranked 6th of 48
Density 486/km2 (1,260/sq mi)
Ethnicity 89% White British
Non-metropolitan county
County council Kent County Council
Executive Conservative
Admin HQ Maidstone
Area 3,544 km2 (1,368 sq mi)
 • Ranked 10th of 27
Population 1,541,900
 • Ranked 1st of 27
Density 434/km2 (1,120/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2 GB-KEN
ONS code 29
GSS code E10000016
NUTS UKJ42
Website www.kent.gov.uk
KentDistrictsNumbered.svg
Districts of Kent
Unitary County council area
Districts
  1. Sevenoaks
  2. Dartford
  3. Gravesham
  4. Tonbridge and Malling
  5. Medway
  6. Maidstone
  7. Tunbridge Wells
  8. Swale
  9. Ashford
  10. City of Canterbury
  11. Shepway
  12. Thanet
  13. Dover
Members of Parliament List of MPs
Police Kent Police
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time ( UTC)
 • Summer ( DST) British Summer Time ( UTC+1)

Kent t/ is a county in South East England and one of the home counties. It borders Greater London to the north west, Surrey to the west and East Sussex to the south west. The county also shares borders with Essex along the estuary of the River Thames, and with the French department of Pas-de-Calais along the English Channel. The county town is Maidstone.

Canterbury Cathedral in Kent has been the seat of the Archbishop of Canterbury, leader of the Church of England, since the conversion of England to Christianity by Saint Augustine began in the 6th century. Between London and the Strait of Dover, which separates it from mainland Europe, Kent has seen both diplomacy and conflict, ranging from the Leeds Castle peace talks of 1978 and 2004 to the Battle of Britain in World War II.

England relied on the county's ports to provide warships through much of its history; the Cinque Ports in the 12th–14th centuries and Chatham Dockyard in the 16th–20th centuries were of particular importance. France can be seen clearly in fine weather from Folkestone and the White Cliffs of Dover. Hills in the form of the North Downs and the Greensand Ridge span the length of the county and in the series of valleys in between and to the south are most of the county's 26 castles.

Because of its relative abundance of fruit-growing and hop gardens, Kent is known as 'The Garden of England'. [2] [3] The title was defended in 2006 when a survey of beautiful counties by the UKTV Style Gardens channel put Kent in fifth place, behind North Yorkshire, Devon, Derbyshire and Gloucestershire. [4]

Kent's economy is greatly diversified. Haulage, logistics, and tourism are major industries; major industries in north-west Kent include aggregate building materials, printing and scientific research. Coal mining has also played its part in Kent's industrial heritage. Large parts of Kent are within the London commuter belt and its strong transport connections to the capital and the nearby continent makes Kent a high income county. Twenty-eight per cent of the county forms part of two Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty: the North Downs and The High Weald.

Etymology

The name Kent is believed to be of British Celtic origin and was known in Old English as Cent, Cent lond, Centrice. In Latin sources Kent is mentioned as Cantia, Canticum. The meaning is explained by some researchers as "coastal district," or "corner-land, land on the edge" (compare Welsh cant "bordering of a circle, tire, edge," Breton cant "circle"). [5] If so, the name could be related to the same ancient word as the name of Cantabria, a coastal province in Spain.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kent
Ænglisc: Cent
العربية: كنت
azərbaycanca: Kent
Bân-lâm-gú: Kent
беларуская: Графства Кент
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кент
български: Кент
bosanski: Kent
brezhoneg: Kontelezh Kent
català: Kent
čeština: Kent
Cymraeg: Caint
dansk: Kent
Deutsch: Kent
eesti: Kent
Ελληνικά: Κεντ
español: Kent
Esperanto: Kent
euskara: Kent
français: Kent
Frysk: Kent
Gaeilge: Kent
Gaelg: Kent
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kent
한국어: 켄트 주
हिन्दी: केंट
Ido: Kent
Bahasa Indonesia: Kent
interlingua: Kent
íslenska: Kent
italiano: Kent
עברית: קנט
kernowek: Kint
Latina: Cantium
latviešu: Kenta
Lëtzebuergesch: Kent
lietuvių: Kentas
magyar: Kent
मराठी: केंट
Nederlands: Kent (graafschap)
Nordfriisk: Kent
norsk: Kent
norsk nynorsk: Kent
occitan: Kent
پنجابی: کینٹ
polski: Kent
português: Kent
română: Kent
Runa Simi: Kent
русский: Кент
Scots: Kent
sicilianu: Kent
Simple English: Kent
slovenčina: Kent (grófstvo)
slovenščina: Kent
српски / srpski: Кент
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kent
ไทย: เคนต์
українська: Кент
اردو: کینٹ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Ként
Tiếng Việt: Kent
Volapük: Kent
ייִדיש: קענט
粵語: 根德郡
中文: 肯特郡