Katana

Katana ()
Katana Masamune.jpg
Katana signed by Masamune with an inscription (城和泉守所持) in gold inlay, Kamakura period, 14th century, blade length: 70.6 cm[1]
TypeSword
Place of originJapan
Production history
ProducedMuromachi period (1392–1573) to present
Specifications
Weight1.1–1.3 kg
Blade lengthapprox. 60–73 cm (​23 58–​28 34 in)

Blade typeCurved, single-edged
Hilt typeTwo-handed swept, with circular or squared guard
Scabbard/sheathLacquered wood

Historically, katana () were one of the traditionally made Japanese swords (日本刀, nihontō)[2][3] that were used by the samurai of ancient and feudal Japan.[4] The katana is characterized by its distinctive appearance: a curved, single-edged blade with a circular or squared guard and long grip to accommodate two hands.

Etymology and loanwords

Japanese Edo period wood block print (ca 1735) of a samurai with a tachi.
Antique Japanese daishō, the traditional pairing of two Japanese swords which were the symbol of the samurai, showing the traditional Japanese sword cases (koshirae) and the difference in size between the katana (bottom) and the smaller wakizashi (top).

"Katana" is the term now used to describe the family of swords known as nihontō that are 2 shaku (606 mm / 23.9 in) in-length or longer.

Katana can also be known as dai or daitō among Western sword enthusiasts although daitō is a generic name for any Japanese long sword, literally meaning "big sword".[5]

As Japanese does not have separate plural and singular forms, both katanas and katana are considered acceptable forms in English.[6]

Pronounced [katana], the kun'yomi (Japanese reading) of the kanji 刀, originally meaning dao or knife/saber in Chinese, the word has been adopted as a loanword by the Portuguese language.[7] In Portuguese the designation (spelled catana) means "large knife" or machete.[7]

Other Languages
العربية: كاتانا
asturianu: Katana
azərbaycanca: Katana
বাংলা: কাতানা
Bân-lâm-gú: Katana
беларуская: Катана
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Катана
български: Катана
bosanski: Katana
brezhoneg: Katana
буряад: Катана
català: Katana
čeština: Katana
dansk: Katana
Deutsch: Katana
eesti: Katana
Ελληνικά: Κατάνα
español: Katana
Esperanto: Japana glavo
فارسی: کاتانا
français: Katana
galego: Catana
Հայերեն: Կատանա (զենք)
hrvatski: Katana
Ido: Katana
Bahasa Indonesia: Katana
italiano: Katana
עברית: קטאנה
Basa Jawa: Katana
ქართული: კატანა
қазақша: Катана
Latina: Katana
lietuvių: Katana
magyar: Katana
македонски: Катана
മലയാളം: കറ്റാന
Bahasa Melayu: Katana
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကတာနာ
Nāhuatl: Katana
Nederlands: Katana
日本語:
norsk: Katana
پنجابی: کٹانہ
polski: Katana
português: Katana
română: Katana
русский: Катана
Scots: Katana
Simple English: Katana
slovenščina: Katana
српски / srpski: Катана
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Katana
suomi: Katana
svenska: Katana
தமிழ்: கத்தானா
Türkçe: Katana
українська: Катана
اردو: کاتانا
Tiếng Việt: Katana