Karbala

Karbala
كَربَلَاء
Karbalāʾ
Kerbala
The Mosques of Imam Hussain (foreground) and Abbas (background), in Karbala.
The Mosques of Imam Hussain (foreground) and Abbas (background), in Karbala.
Karbala is located in Iraq
Karbala
Karbala
Location in Iraq
Coordinates: 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32°37′N 44°02′E / 32.617; 44.033
Country   Iraq
Governorate Karbala
Settled 690  CE
Population (2014)
 • Total 690,100 [1]

Karbala ( Arabic: كَرْبَلَاء‎‎, Karbalā’, Persian: کربلاء) is a city in central Iraq, located about 100 km (62 mi) southwest of Baghdad, and a few miles east of Lake Milh. [2] [3] Karbala is the capital of Karbala Governorate, and has an estimated population of 0.7 million people (2015).

The city, best known as the location of the Ghazwaṫ Karbalā’ ( Arabic: غَـزوَة كَـربَـلَاء‎‎, Battle of Karbala) in 680 CE, or the Masjidayn ( Arabic: مَـسـجِـدَيـن‎‎, two Mosques) of Imam Husayn and Abbas, [4] [5] is considered as a holy city for Shi'ite Muslims as Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. Tens of millions of Shi'ite Muslims visit the site twice a year, rivaling Mecca as a place of pilgrimage. [6] [7] [8] [9] The martyrdom of Imam Husayn ibn Ali is commemorated annually by millions of Shi'ites, [10] [11] [12] [13] Up to 8 million pilgrims visit the city to observe ‘Āshūrā’ ( Arabic: عَـاشُـورَاء‎‎, "Tenth Day" {of the month of Muharram}), which marks the anniversary of Imam Husayn's death, but the main event is the Arba‘īn ( Arabic: أَربَـعِـيـن‎‎, 40th day after Ashura), where up to 22 million visit the holy graves. Most of the pilgrims travel barefooted from all around Iraq and more than 56 countries. [14]

Etymology

According to Shi'ite belief, the archangel Gabriel narrated the true meaning of the name Karbalā’ to Muhammad: a combination of karb ( Arabic: كَـرب‎‎, the land which will cause many agonies) and balā’ ( Arabic: بَـلاء‎‎, afflictions)." [15]

Other Languages
العربية: كربلاء
azərbaycanca: Kərbəla
تۆرکجه: کربلا
বাংলা: কারবালা
беларуская: Кербела
български: Кербала
català: Karbala
Cebuano: Karbala
čeština: Karbalá
dansk: Karbala
Deutsch: Kerbela
Ελληνικά: Καρμπάλα
español: Kerbala
Esperanto: Karbalo
euskara: Karbala
فارسی: کربلا
français: Kerbala
한국어: 카르발라
Հայերեն: Քերբելա
हिन्दी: करबला
Bahasa Indonesia: Karbala
italiano: Kerbela
עברית: כרבלא
ქართული: ქარბალა
қазақша: Кербела
Кыргызча: Кербела
latviešu: Kerbela
lietuvių: Kerbela
magyar: Kerbela
മലയാളം: കർബല
مصرى: كربلاء
مازِرونی: کربلا
Bahasa Melayu: Karbala
Nederlands: Karbala
日本語: カルバラー
norsk: Karbala
norsk nynorsk: Karbala
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Karbalo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਰਬਲਾ
پنجابی: کربلا
polski: Karbala
português: Karbala
română: Karbala
русский: Кербела
Scots: Karbala
shqip: Qerbelaja
sicilianu: Kerbala
Simple English: Karbala
سنڌي: ڪربلا
کوردی: کەربەلا
српски / srpski: Карбала
Basa Sunda: Karbala
suomi: Karbala
svenska: Karbala
Tagalog: Karbala
தமிழ்: கர்பலா
Türkçe: Kerbela
українська: Кербела
اردو: کربلا
Winaray: Karbala
Zazaki: Kerbela
中文: 卡爾巴拉