Kaifeng

Kaifeng
开封市
Prefecture-level city
Top: Xuande Palace at Millennium City Park, Bottom upper left: Gate Tower and Kaifeng Government Hall, Bottom lower left: Iron Pagoda and Tieta Lake, Bottom right: Statue of Zhang Zeduan in Millennium City Park
Top: Xuande Palace at Millennium City Park,
Bottom upper left: Gate Tower and Kaifeng Government Hall,
Bottom lower left: Iron Pagoda and Tieta Lake,
Bottom right: Statue of Zhang Zeduan in Millennium City Park
Flag of Kaifeng
Flag
Location of Kaifeng City jurisdiction in Henan
Location of Kaifeng City jurisdiction in Henan
Kaifeng is located in China
Kaifeng
Kaifeng
Location in China
Coordinates: 34°48′N 114°18′E / 34°48′N 114°18′E / 34.800; 114.300
CountryChina
ProvinceHenan
Area
 • Prefecture-level city6,247 km2 (2,412 sq mi)
 • Urban546.4 km2 (211.0 sq mi)
 • Metro546.4 km2 (211.0 sq mi)
Elevation75 m (245 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 • Prefecture-level city4,676,159
 • Density750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 • Urban826,961
 • Urban density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • Metro826,961
 • Metro density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zoneChina Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s)371
GDP¥7,250 per capita (2004)
Major NationalitiesHan, Hui
County-level divisions5
Township-level divisions5
License plate prefixesB
Websitekaifeng.gov.cn
Kaifeng
Kaifeng (Chinese characters).svg
"Kaifeng" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese開封
Simplified Chinese开封
Literal meaning"Open Seal"

Kaifeng (simplified Chinese: 开封; traditional Chinese: 開封), known previously by several names, is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan, China. It was once the capital of the Song dynasty, and is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China.

There are currently nearly 5 million people living in its metropolitan area. Located along the southern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the west, Xinxiang to the northwest, Shangqiu to the east, Zhoukou to the southeast, Xuchang to the southwest, and Shandong to the northeast.

Names

The postal romanization for the city is "Kaifeng". Its official one-character abbreviation in Chinese is (Biàn). Historically it has also been known as

The name "Kaifeng" first appeared as the area's name after the Qin's conquest of China in the second century BC and literally means "expand the borders" and figuratively "hidden" and "vengeance".[1] Its name was originally Qifeng (啓封), but the syllable qi was changed to the essentially synonymous kai to avoid the naming taboo of Liu Qi (Emperor Jing of Han).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Kaifeng
አማርኛ: ካይፈንግ
العربية: كايفنغ
asturianu: Kaifeng
Bân-lâm-gú: Khai-hong-chhī
беларуская: Кайфэн
català: Kaifeng
čeština: Kchaj-feng
dansk: Kaifeng
Deutsch: Kaifeng
eesti: Kaifeng
español: Kaifeng
Esperanto: Kajfengo
euskara: Kaifeng
فارسی: کایفنگ
français: Kaifeng
Gĩkũyũ: Kaifeng
한국어: 카이펑 시
Bahasa Indonesia: Kaifeng
italiano: Kaifeng
עברית: קאיפנג
Kapampangan: Kaifeng
ქართული: კაიფინი
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kăi-hŭng
монгол: Кайфэн
Nederlands: Kaifeng
日本語: 開封市
norsk: Kaifeng
norsk nynorsk: Kaifeng
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kayfin
polski: Kaifeng
português: Kaifeng
română: Kaifeng
русский: Кайфын
Scots: Kaifeng
Simple English: Kaifeng
српски / srpski: Кајфенг
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kaifeng
suomi: Kaifeng
svenska: Kaifeng
Türkçe: Kaifeng
українська: Кайфен
اردو: کائفینگ
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Keyféng shehiri
Tiếng Việt: Khai Phong
Winaray: Kaifeng
吴语: 开封市
粵語: 開封
中文: 开封市