Kaifeng

"Daliang" redirects here. For other uses, see Daliang (disambiguation).
For other uses, see Kaifeng (disambiguation).
Kaifeng
开封市
Prefecture-level city
Top: Xuande Palace at Millennium City Park, Bottom upper left: Gate Tower and Kaifeng Government Hall, Bottom lower left: Iron Pagoda and Tieta Lake, Bottom right: Statue of Zhang Zeduan in Millennium City Park
Top: Xuande Palace at Millennium City Park,
Bottom upper left: Gate Tower and Kaifeng Government Hall,
Bottom lower left: Iron Pagoda and Tieta Lake,
Bottom right: Statue of Zhang Zeduan in Millennium City Park
Flag of Kaifeng
Flag
Official seal of Kaifeng
Seal
Location of Kaifeng City jurisdiction in Henan
Location of Kaifeng City jurisdiction in Henan
Kaifeng is located in China
Kaifeng
Kaifeng
Location in China
Coordinates: 34°48′N 114°18′E / 34.800°N 114.300°E / 34°48′N 114°18′E / 34.800; 114.300
Country China
Province Henan
Area
 •  Prefecture-level city 6,247 km2 (2,412 sq mi)
 • Urban 546.4 km2 (211.0 sq mi)
 • Metro 546.4 km2 (211.0 sq mi)
Elevation 75 m (245 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 •  Prefecture-level city 4,676,159
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
 •  Urban 826,961
 • Urban density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 •  Metro 826,961
 • Metro density 1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard ( UTC+8)
Area code(s) 371
GDP ¥7,250 per capita (2004)
Major Nationalities Han, Hui
County-level divisions 5
Township-level divisions 5
License plate prefixes B
Website kaifeng.gov.cn
Kaifeng
Kaifeng (Chinese characters).svg
"Kaifeng" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Traditional Chinese 開封
Simplified Chinese 开封
Literal meaning "Open Seal"

Kaifeng ( simplified Chinese: 开封; traditional Chinese: 開封), known previously by several names (see below), is a prefecture-level city in east-central Henan, China. It was once the capital of the Song dynasty, and is one of the Eight Ancient Capitals of China.

There are currently nearly 5 million people living in its metropolitan area. Located along the southern bank of the Yellow River, it borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to the west, Xinxiang to the northwest, Shangqiu to the east, Zhoukou to the southeast, Xuchang to the southwest, and Shandong to the northeast.

Names

The postal romanization for the city is "Kaifeng". Its official one-character abbreviation in Chinese is (Biàn). Historically it has also been known as

The name "Kaifeng" first appeared as the area's name after the Qin's conquest of China in the second century BC and literally means "expand the borders". [1] Its name was originally Qifeng (啟封), but the syllable qi was changed to the essentially synonymous kai to avoid the naming taboo of Liu Qi ( Emperor Jing of Han).