Kabul

  • kabul

    کابل
    metropolis and municipality
    montage of kabul city.png
    clockwise from top: a hindu kush mountain behind a neighborhood; the kabul river in a filled state; abdul haq square with large microdistricts in the background; inside the 16th-century gardens of babur; the abdul rahman mosque
    kabul is located in afghanistan
    kabul
    kabul
    kabul is located in asia
    kabul
    kabul
    coordinates: 34°31′31″n 69°10′42″e / 34°31′31″n 69°10′42″e / 34.52528; 69.17833

    kabul (persian: کابل‎, romanizedkābol, pashto: کابل‎, romanized: kābəl) is the capital and largest city of afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. it is also a municipality, forming part of the greater kabul province, and divided into 22 districts. according to estimates in 2019, the population of kabul is 4.114 million,[1] which includes all the major ethnic groups of afghanistan.[3] afghanistan's only city with a population of over 1 million,[4] kabul serves as its political, cultural and economical center.[5] rapid urbanization had made kabul the world's 75th largest city.[6]

    kabul is located high up in a narrow valley between the hindu kush mountains, with an elevation of 1,790 metres (5,873 ft) making it one of the highest capitals in the world. the city is said to be over 3,500 years old, mentioned since at least the time of the achaemenid empire. located at crossroads in asia - roughly halfway between istanbul in the west and hanoi in the east - it is in a strategic location along the trade routes of south and central asia, and a key location of the ancient silk road.[7] it has been part of the achaemenids followed by the seleucids, mauryans, kushans, kabul shahis, saffarids, samanids, ghaznavids, ghurids, khwarazmians, qarlughids, khaljis, timurids, mughals, and hotaks, until finally becoming part of the durrani empire (also known as the "afghan empire") in 1747.[8] kabul became the capital of afghanistan in 1776, during the reign of timur shah durrani, the son of ahmad shah durrani.

    in the early 19th century, the british occupied the city, but after establishing foreign relations, they were compelled to withdraw all forces from afghanistan. the city was occupied by the soviets in 1979 but they too abandoned it after the 1988 geneva accords were signed. a civil war in the 1990s between various rebel groups destroyed much of the city, resulting in many casualties.[9] from late 2001 the city has been continuously rebuilt.[10]

    kabul is known for its gardens, bazaars, and palaces.[11][12][13] it was also formerly a mecca for young western hippies.[14][15] despite frequent terrorist attacks in the city, mainly by taliban insurgents, the city continues to develop and was the fifth fastest-growing city in the world as of 2012.[16][17]

  • toponymy
  • history
  • geography
  • demographics
  • sports
  • government and politics
  • economy and infrastructure
  • transportation
  • education
  • health care
  • twin towns – sister cities
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

Kabul

کابل
Montage of Kabul City.png
Clockwise from top: A Hindu Kush mountain behind a neighborhood; The Kabul River in a filled state; Abdul Haq Square with large microdistricts in the background; Inside the 16th-century Gardens of Babur; The Abdul Rahman Mosque
Kabul is located in Afghanistan
Kabul
Kabul
Kabul is located in Asia
Kabul
Kabul
Coordinates: 34°31′31″N 69°10′42″E / 34°31′31″N 69°10′42″E / 34.52528; 69.17833

Kabul (Persian: کابل‎, romanizedKābol, Pashto: کابل‎, romanized: Kābəl) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan, located in the eastern section of the country. It is also a municipality, forming part of the greater Kabul Province, and divided into 22 districts. According to estimates in 2019, the population of Kabul is 4.114 million,[1] which includes all the major ethnic groups of Afghanistan.[3] Afghanistan's only city with a population of over 1 million,[4] Kabul serves as its political, cultural and economical center.[5] Rapid urbanization had made Kabul the world's 75th largest city.[6]

Kabul is located high up in a narrow valley between the Hindu Kush mountains, with an elevation of 1,790 metres (5,873 ft) making it one of the highest capitals in the world. The city is said to be over 3,500 years old, mentioned since at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire. Located at crossroads in Asia - roughly halfway between Istanbul in the west and Hanoi in the east - it is in a strategic location along the trade routes of South and Central Asia, and a key location of the ancient Silk Road.[7] It has been part of the Achaemenids followed by the Seleucids, Mauryans, Kushans, Kabul Shahis, Saffarids, Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Khwarazmians, Qarlughids, Khaljis, Timurids, Mughals, and Hotaks, until finally becoming part of the Durrani Empire (also known as the "Afghan Empire") in 1747.[8] Kabul became the capital of Afghanistan in 1776, during the reign of Timur Shah Durrani, the son of Ahmad Shah Durrani.

In the early 19th century, the British occupied the city, but after establishing foreign relations, they were compelled to withdraw all forces from Afghanistan. The city was occupied by the Soviets in 1979 but they too abandoned it after the 1988 Geneva Accords were signed. A civil war in the 1990s between various rebel groups destroyed much of the city, resulting in many casualties.[9] From late 2001 the city has been continuously rebuilt.[10]

Kabul is known for its gardens, bazaars, and palaces.[11][12][13] It was also formerly a mecca for young western hippies.[14][15] Despite frequent terrorist attacks in the city, mainly by Taliban insurgents, the city continues to develop and was the fifth fastest-growing city in the world as of 2012.[16][17]

Other Languages
Acèh: Kabul
Afrikaans: Kaboel
Alemannisch: Kabul
አማርኛ: ካቡል
Ænglisc: Cabūl
العربية: كابل
aragonés: Kabul
arpetan: Caboul
asturianu: Kabul
azərbaycanca: Kabil
تۆرکجه: کابول
বাংলা: কাবুল
Bân-lâm-gú: Kabul
башҡортса: Ҡабул
беларуская: Кабул
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Кабул
Bikol Central: Kabul
български: Кабул
བོད་ཡིག: ཁ་པུལ།
bosanski: Kabul
brezhoneg: Kaboul
буряад: Кабул
català: Kabul
Чӑвашла: Кабул
Cebuano: Kabul
čeština: Kábul
chiShona: Kabul
Cymraeg: Kabul
dansk: Kabul
davvisámegiella: Kabul
Deutsch: Kabul
डोटेली: काबुल
eesti: Kabul
Ελληνικά: Καμπούλ
español: Kabul
Esperanto: Kabulo
euskara: Kabul
فارسی: کابل
Fiji Hindi: Kabul
føroyskt: Kabul
français: Kaboul
Frysk: Kabûl
Gaeilge: Cabúl
Gaelg: Kabul
Gàidhlig: Kabul
galego: Cabul
Gĩkũyũ: Kabul
ગુજરાતી: કાબુલ
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kabul
한국어: 카불
Hausa: Kabul
հայերեն: Քաբուլ
हिन्दी: काबुल
hornjoserbsce: Kabul
hrvatski: Kabul
Ido: Kabul
Ilokano: Kabul
Bahasa Indonesia: Kabul
interlingua: Kabul
Interlingue: Kabul
Ирон: Кабул
íslenska: Kabúl
italiano: Kabul
עברית: קאבול
Kabɩyɛ: Kabuli
kalaallisut: Kabul
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಕಾಬುಲ್
ქართული: ქაბული
қазақша: Кабул
Kinyarwanda: Kabul
Kiswahili: Kabul
Kreyòl ayisyen: Kaboul
kurdî: Kabûl
Кыргызча: Кабул
Latina: Cabura
latviešu: Kabula
Lëtzebuergesch: Kabul
lietuvių: Kabulas
Ligure: Kabul
lingála: Kabul
Lingua Franca Nova: Kabul
lumbaart: Kabul
magyar: Kabul
मैथिली: काबुल
македонски: Кабул
Malagasy: Kabul
മലയാളം: കാബൂൾ
Māori: Kabul
मराठी: काबुल
მარგალური: ქაბული
Bahasa Melayu: Kabul
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Kabul
мокшень: Кабул
монгол: Кабул
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ကဘူးလ်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Kabul
Nederlands: Kabul (stad)
नेपाली: काबुल
日本語: カーブル
нохчийн: Кабул
Nordfriisk: Kabul
norsk: Kabul
norsk nynorsk: Kabul
Novial: Kabul
occitan: Kabol
олык марий: Кабул
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: କାବୁଲ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Kobul (shahar)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਕਾਬੁਲ
پنجابی: کابل
Papiamentu: Kabul
پښتو: کابل
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ទីក្រុងកាបូល
Piemontèis: Kabul
polski: Kabul
português: Cabul
Qaraqalpaqsha: Kabul
română: Kabul
русский: Кабул
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱠᱟᱵᱩᱞ
sardu: Kabul
Scots: Kabul
shqip: Kabuli
sicilianu: Kabul
සිංහල: කාබුල්
Simple English: Kabul
slovenčina: Kábul
slovenščina: Kabul
ślůnski: Kabul
Soomaaliga: Kabul
کوردی: کابول
српски / srpski: Кабул
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Kabul
Sunda: Kabul
suomi: Kabul
svenska: Kabul
Tagalog: Kabul
தமிழ்: காபூல்
Taqbaylit: Kabul
татарча/tatarça: Кабул
ไทย: คาบูล
тоҷикӣ: Кобул
Türkçe: Kâbil
українська: Кабул
اردو: کابل
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كابۇل
vepsän kel’: Kabul
Tiếng Việt: Kabul
Võro: Kabul
Winaray: Kabul
吴语: 喀布尔
ייִדיש: קאבול
Yorùbá: Kabul
粵語: 喀布爾
Zazaki: Kabil
中文: 喀布尔