Jyutping

Jyutping
Jyutpingexample.png
Jyutping Romanization
Traditional Chinese 粵拼
Simplified Chinese 粤拼

Jyutping ( Chinese: 粵拼; Jyutping: Jyut6ping3; Cantonese pronunciation:  [jỳːt̚.pʰēŋ]) is a romanisation system for Cantonese developed by the Linguistic Society of Hong Kong (LSHK), an academic group, in 1993. Its formal name is The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong Cantonese Romanisation Scheme. The LSHK promotes the use of this romanisation system.

The name Jyutping (itself the Jyutping romanisation of its Chinese name, 粵拼) is a contraction consisting of the first Chinese characters of the terms Jyut6jyu5 ( 粵語, meaning " Cantonese speech") and ping3jam1 ( 拼音 "phonetic alphabet").

History

The Jyutping system [1] marks a departure from all previous Cantonese romanisation systems (approximately, 12 including Robert Morrison's pioneering work of 1828, and the widely used Standard Romanization, Yale and Sidney Lau systems) by introducing z and c initials and the use of eo and oe in finals, as well as replacing the initial y, used in all previous systems, with j. [2]