Juana Enríquez

Juana Enríquez
Queen of Aragon, Majorca, Valencia, Navarre and Sicily; Countess of Barcelona
Juana Enríquez.png
Queen consort of Aragon
Tenure7 June 1458 – 13 February 1468
Born1425
Torrelobatón
Died13 February 1468 (aged 42–43)
Tarragona
BurialPoblet Monastery
SpouseJohn II of Aragon
Issue
HouseEnríquez
FatherFadrique Enríquez de Mendoza
MotherMariana Fernández de Córdoba
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Juana Enriquez de Córdoba, 5th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte (1425 – 13 February 1468, Tarragona), a Castilian noblewoman, was styled Queen of Navarre from her marriage in April 1444 to John II of Aragon and Navarre and was Queen consort of the Kingdoms of the Crown of Aragon from the death of her brother-in-law, King Alfonso V of Aragon, in 1458, until her own death. She married John three years after the death of his first wife, Queen Blanche I of Navarre.

Biography

She was a daughter of Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza and Mariana Fernández de Córdoba y Ayala, 4th Lady of Casarrubios del Monte, and succeeded her mother in 1431. Born in Torrelobatón, she was a great-great granddaughter of Alfonso XI of Castile.

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Although John ceased to be de jure uxoris monarch of Navarre on his wife's death, he never ceded power to his son, Charles, Prince of Viana, and daughter, de jure Blanche II of Navarre, a decision which Juana supported. Such breaking of the law of succession led to a confrontation with the Crown of Aragon and a conflict between farmers and nobles, the outbreak of Navarrese Civil War. Accused of having ordered the poisoning of Carlos, her stepson, who died in 1461, Juana fled to Girona, seeking the protection of the bishop.

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