Joseph Muscat


Joseph Muscat

Joseph muscat 2018 cropped.jpg
13th Prime Minister of Malta
In office
11 March 2013 – 13 January 2020
PresidentGeorge Abela
Marie Louise Coleiro Preca
George Vella
DeputyLouis Grech
Chris Fearne
Preceded byLawrence Gonzi
Succeeded byRobert Abela
Leader of the Labour Party
In office
6 June 2008 – 12 January 2020
Preceded byAlfred Sant
Succeeded byRobert Abela
13th Chair-in-Office of the Commonwealth of Nations
In office
27 November 2015 – 19 April 2018
HeadElizabeth II
Preceded byMaithripala Sirisena
Succeeded byTheresa May
Leader of the Opposition
In office
1 October 2008 – 11 March 2013
PresidentEddie Fenech Adami George Abela
Prime MinisterLawrence Gonzi
Preceded byCharles Mangion (Acting); Alfred Sant
Succeeded byLawrence Gonzi (Acting); Simon Busuttil
Member of the European Parliament
In office
12 June 2004 – 25 September 2008
Personal details
Born (1974-01-22) 22 January 1974 (age 46)
Pietà, Malta
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)Michelle Tanti
Children2
EducationUniversity of Malta
Official website

Joseph Muscat, KUOM MP (born 22 January 1974) is a Maltese politician who served as Prime Minister of Malta from 2013 to 2020,[1][2] and Leader of the Partit Laburista (PL) from June 2008 to January 2020.[3][4] Muscat was re-elected as prime minister in the elections of 3 June 2017 (55.04% after 54.83% in 2013).[5] Previously he was a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from 2004 to 2008.[6] He was Leader of the Opposition from October 2008 to March 2013.[7] Muscat identifies as a progressive and liberal politician, with pro-business leanings,[8] and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.[9]

Muscat succeeded Alfred Sant as party leader in 2008. He rebranded the Labour Party, which embraced an increasingly socially liberal and centrist position. The 2013 general election saw Muscat becoming Prime Minister in March 2013.[3] His premiership was marked for pulling together a national consensus for economic growth, based on a restructured Maltese economy. His administration led to large-scale changes to welfare and civil liberties, including the legalisation of same-sex marriage in July 2017.[10]

Muscat presided over the rise of the Labour Party and its dominance in Maltese politics, and the relative decline of the Nationalist Party. Muscat has been praised for eliminating Malta's national deficit,[11] decreasing unemployment to historic lows,[12] and presiding over an unprecedented period of economic growth.[13] Conversely, he has been criticised by figures on both the left and right, and has been accused of political opportunism,[14] broken promises on meritocracy[15] and the environment,[16] as well as corruption allegations.[17] On 1 December 2019, under pressure from the 2019 street protests calling for his resignation in relation to the assassination of journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia,[18] Muscat announced his resignation, and stepped down on 13 January 2020.[19]

Early life and career

Family

Muscat was born on 22 January 1974, in Pietà, Malta, to a Burmarrad family.[20] He is an only child.[20] With his father a fireworks importer, Muscat constantly referred to his family roots when describing his aversion to bureaucracy that hinders business.[20] Muscat is married to Michelle née Tanti and they are the parents of twins, Etoile Ella and Soleil Sophie.[21]

Education

Muscat received his formal education at the Government Primary School in St. Paul's Bay, Stella Maris and St. Aloysius’ College.[22] Educated at St. Aloysius' in the 1980s, Muscat experienced the closure of Church schools by the Labour government of the day.[20] This experience was reflected in the Labour party's 2013 manifesto with a pledge to continue financially supporting Church schools.[20]

He graduated Bachelor of Commerce in Management and Public Policy (University of Malta, 1995),[23] Bachelor of Arts with Honours in Public Policy (University of Malta, 1996),[23] and Master of Arts in European Studies (University of Malta, 1997).[23] In 2007, he attained a Doctorate of Philosophy in Management Research from the University of Bristol (UK)[22] with a thesis on Fordism, multinationals and SMEs in Malta.[23]

Career

He worked as a journalist with the Labour Party's media arm,[24] and founded the Party's now defunct news portal maltastar.com. He also worked as a journalist with the party's radio station, Super One Radio.[25] He later took on a similar role at Super One Television, becoming the station's assistant head of news in 1996.[22] Muscat wrote a regular column in L-Orizzont,[21] a Maltese-language newspaper published by the General Workers' Union and its sister Sunday weekly It-Torċa,[21] and was a regular contributor to The Times, an independent newspaper published in Malta.[21] Muscat also worked as an investment advisor in the private sector,[26] and a market intelligence manager.[24]

Other Languages
العربية: جوزيف موسكات
беларуская: Джозеф Мускат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Джозэф Мускат
български: Джоузеф Мускат
brezhoneg: Joseph Muscat
čeština: Joseph Muscat
Deutsch: Joseph Muscat
Ελληνικά: Τζόζεφ Μούσκατ
español: Joseph Muscat
Esperanto: Joseph Muscat
français: Joseph Muscat
Gaeilge: Joseph Muscat
hornjoserbsce: Joseph Muscat
Bahasa Indonesia: Joseph Muscat
italiano: Joseph Muscat
Lëtzebuergesch: Joseph Muscat
lietuvių: Joseph Muscat
lumbaart: Joseph Muscat
მარგალური: ჯოზეფ მუსკატი
Nederlands: Joseph Muscat
português: Joseph Muscat
română: Joseph Muscat
Simple English: Joseph Muscat
slovenščina: Joseph Muscat
svenska: Joseph Muscat
Türkçe: Joseph Muscat
українська: Джозеф Мускат
Tiếng Việt: Joseph Muscat