Joko Widodo

Joko Widodo
ꦗꦏꦮꦶꦢꦢ
Joko Widodo 2014 official portrait.jpg
7th President of Indonesia
Assumed office
20 October 2014
Vice PresidentJusuf Kalla
Preceded bySusilo Bambang Yudhoyono
16th Governor of Jakarta
In office
15 October 2012 – 16 October 2014
DeputyBasuki Tjahaja Purnama
Preceded byFauzi Bowo
Succeeded byBasuki Tjahaja Purnama
15th Mayor of Surakarta
In office
28 July 2005 – 1 October 2012
MonarchPakubuwana XIII
Mangkunegara IX
DeputyF.X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Preceded bySlamet Suryanto
Succeeded byF.X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Personal details
Born(1961-06-21) 21 June 1961 (age 56)
Surakarta, Indonesia
Political partyPDI-P
Spouse(s)Iriana (m. 1986)
ChildrenGibran Rakabuming Raka
Kahiyang Ayu
Kaesang Pangarep
ResidenceBogor Palace
Alma materGadjah Mada University
Signature

Joko Widodo (born Mulyono; Javanese: ꦗꦏꦮꦶꦢꦢ; 21 June 1961), also known as Jokowi, is an Indonesian politician and the seventh and current President of Indonesia. Elected in July 2014 as the first Indonesian president to not come from an elite political or military background, he was previously the Mayor of Surakarta from 2005 to 2012, and the Governor of Jakarta from 2012 to 2014.

He first gained national attention in 2009, as his work as the Mayor of Surakarta became recognized by the national media. A member of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), he was nominated by his party as their candidate for the 2012 Jakarta gubernatorial election, alongside Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (often known as Ahok)[1] as his running mate.[2] Defeating incumbent Fauzi Bowo[3], he took office in October 2012 and reinvirogated Jakarta politics, with publicized blusukan visits (unannounced spot checks)[4] and improving the city's bureaucracy, reducing corruption in the process. He also introduced years-late programs to improve quality of life in the city, including universal health-care, dredging the city's main river to reduce flooding, and inaugurating construction of the city's subway system.[5]

Seen as a rising star in Indonesian politics, PDI-P nominated him as their presidential candidate in the 2014 presidential election.[6] Winning a majority of the popular vote, Jokowi was named president-elect on 22 July 2014, to bitter protest from his rival Prabowo Subianto, who disputed the outcome and withdrew from the race before the count was completed.[7][8]

As president, Jokowi has primarily focused on infrastructure, introducing or restarting long-delayed programs to build highways, high-speed rail, airports and other facilities to improve connectivity in the Indonesian archipelago.[9] After a lengthy public debate and pushback, Jokowi signed into law the Indonesian tax amnesty bill, giving wealthy Indonesians a chance to declare their unreported assets before the government would strengthen rules and oversight around imports and exports. It became the most successful program of its kind in history[10], with over Rp. 4,865 trillion (approximately $366 billion USD)[11] of previously unreported assets declared to the tax office.

On foreign policy, his administration has placed an emphasis on "protecting Indonesia’s sovereignty",[12] with the sinking of illegal foreign fishing vessels[13] and the prescription of capital punishment for drug smugglers, despite intense pressure from foreign powers including Australia and France.[14][15] After four years in office, Jokowi's approval ratings remain high, in the high-60s to low-70s. It is widely believed that he will seek reelection in the 2019 election.[16][17]

Early life and education

Joko Widodo[18] is of Javanese descent. Before changing his name (changes of name are not unusual in Java), Jokowi's name was Mulyono.[19] Jokowi is the eldest of four siblings and is the only son of Notomiharjo (father) and Sujiatmi (mother).[20] His father came from Karanganyar, while his grandparents came from a village in Boyolali.[21] His education began in State Elementary School 111 Tirtoyoso, known for being a school for less wealthy citizens.[22] At the age of twelve, he started working in his father's furniture workshop.[23][24] The evictions he experienced three times in his childhood affected his way of thinking - and his leadership later on as the mayor of Surakarta (Solo) - as he organised housing in the city.[25]

After primary school, he continued his studies in State Junior High School 1 Surakarta.[26] He had wanted to continue his education in State Senior High School 1 Surakarta but failed the entrance exam and went to State Senior High School 6 Surakarta instead.[27]

Other Languages
العربية: جوكو ويدودو
aragonés: Joko Widodo
asturianu: Joko Widodo
azərbaycanca: Coko Vidodo
Bahasa Banjar: Joko Widodo
Bân-lâm-gú: Joko Widodo
Basa Banyumasan: Joko Widodo
беларуская: Джока Відода
Bikol Central: Joko Widodo
Bislama: Joko Widodo
brezhoneg: Joko Widodo
català: Joko Widodo
čeština: Joko Widodo
Deutsch: Joko Widodo
español: Joko Widodo
Esperanto: Joko Widodo
euskara: Joko Widodo
français: Joko Widodo
galego: Joko Widodo
한국어: 조코 위도도
Հայերեն: Ջոկո Վիդոդո
Bahasa Indonesia: Joko Widodo
italiano: Joko Widodo
Basa Jawa: Joko Widodo
ქართული: ჯოკო ვიდოდო
Latina: Joko Widodo
latviešu: Džoko Vidodo
Lëtzebuergesch: Joko Widodo
magyar: Joko Widodo
Malagasy: Joko Widodo
Bahasa Melayu: Joko Widodo
Baso Minangkabau: Joko Widodo
Nederlands: Joko Widodo
occitan: Joko Widodo
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Joko Widodo
پنجابی: جوکو ودودو
polski: Joko Widodo
português: Joko Widodo
română: Joko Widodo
Runa Simi: Joko Widodo
русский: Джоко Видодо
Simple English: Joko Widodo
Basa Sunda: Joko Widodo
svenska: Joko Widodo
Tagalog: Joko Widodo
татарча/tatarça: Җоко Видодо
Türkçe: Joko Widodo
українська: Джоко Відодо
Tiếng Việt: Joko Widodo
Winaray: Joko Widodo
粵語: 佐戈
Bahasa Hulontalo: Joko Widodo