Joko Widodo

Joko Widodo
Joko Widodo 2014 official portrait.jpg
7th President of Indonesia
Assumed office
20 October 2014
Vice PresidentJusuf Kalla
Preceded bySusilo Bambang Yudhoyono
14th Governor of Jakarta
In office
15 October 2012 – 16 October 2014
DeputyBasuki Tjahaja Purnama
Preceded byFauzi Bowo
Succeeded byBasuki Tjahaja Purnama
15th Mayor of Surakarta
In office
28 July 2005 – 1 October 2012
DeputyF. X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Preceded bySlamet Suryanto
Succeeded byF. X. Hadi Rudyatmo
Personal details
BornMulyono
(1961-06-21) 21 June 1961 (age 57)
Surakarta, Indonesia
Political partyPDI-P
Spouse(s)
Iriana (m. 1986)
ChildrenGibran Rakabuming Raka
Kahiyang Ayu
Kaesang Pangarep
MotherSujiatmi
FatherNotomiharjo
ResidenceBogor Palace
Alma materGadjah Mada University
Signature
WebsitePresidential website

Joko Widodo (born Mulyono;[1] 21 June 1961), also known as Jokowi, is an Indonesian politician who is the seventh and current President of Indonesia. Elected in July 2014 as the first Indonesian president to not come from an elite political or military background, he was previously the Mayor of Surakarta from 2005 to 2012, and the Governor of Jakarta from 2012 to 2014.

He achieved national prominence in 2009 for his work as the Mayor of Surakarta. A member of the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P), he was its candidate for the 2012 Jakarta gubernatorial election, alongside Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (often known as Ahok)[2] as his running mate.[3] Defeating incumbent Fauzi Bowo,[4] he took office in October 2012 and reinvigorated Jakarta politics, with publicized blusukan visits (unannounced spot checks)[5] and improving the city's bureaucracy, reducing corruption in the process. He also introduced years-late programs to improve quality of life in the city, including universal health-care, dredging the city's main river to reduce flooding, and inaugurating construction of the city's subway system.[6]

Seen as a rising star in Indonesian politics, PDI-P nominated Jokowi for the 2014 presidential election.[7] Winning a majority of the popular vote, he was named president-elect on 22 July 2014, to bitter protest from his opponent Prabowo Subianto, who disputed the outcome and withdrew from the race before the count was completed.[8][9] As president, Jokowi has primarily focused on infrastructure, introducing or restarting long-delayed programs to build highways, high-speed rail, airports and other facilities to improve connectivity in the Indonesian archipelago.[10] On foreign policy, his administration has placed an emphasis on "protecting Indonesia’s sovereignty",[11] with the sinking of illegal foreign fishing vessels[12] and the prescription of capital punishment for drug smugglers, despite intense pressure from foreign powers including Australia and France.[13][14] After four years in office, Jokowi's approval ratings remain high, in the high-60s to low-70s. He will seek re-election in 2019.[15]

Early life and career

Joko Widodo was born Mulyono on 21 June 1961, and is of Javanese descent.[1] He is the eldest of four siblings and is the only son of Noto Mihardjo (father) and Sudjiatmi Notomihardjo (mother). He has three younger sisters, named Iit Sriyantini, Ida Yati and Titik Relawati.[16][17] His father came from Karanganyar, while his grandparents came from a village in Boyolali.[18] At the age of 12, he started working in his father's furniture workshop.[19][20] The evictions he experienced three times in his childhood affected his way of thinking - and his leadership later on as the mayor of Surakarta (Solo) - as he organised housing in the city.[21]

Education and business career

His education began in State Elementary School 111 Tirtoyoso, known for being a school for less wealthy citizens.[22] He continued his studies in State Junior High School 1 Surakarta.[23] He had wanted to continue his education in State Senior High School 1 Surakarta but failed the entrance exam and went to State Senior High School 6 Surakarta instead.[24] Jokowi graduated from the Forestry faculty at Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, in 1985 where his work included studies and research on the use of plywood. He later began work at PT Kertas Kraft Aceh, a state-owned firm in the province of Aceh.[25] He worked there between 1986 and 1988, as a supervisor of forestry and raw materials.[26]

Jokowi, however, soon became uninterested in his activities in the firm and returned home. He then began working in his grandfather's furniture factory for a year before establishing his own company, Rakabu, whose namesake is his first child. The company, which mainly focused on teak furniture, nearly went bankrupt at one point, but survived following a Rp 500 million loan from Perusahaan Gas Negara. By 1991, the company began exporting its products and they were successful in international markets. They were sold, for example, in France where they first established a presence in the European market. It was a French customer named Bernard who gave Joko Widodo the nickname he is famous for, 'Jokowi'.[25][27][28]

By 2002, Jokowi had become the chairman of Surakarta's furniture manufacturers association.[28] Ultimately he decided to become a politician and promote reform in his home town, Surakarta, after seeing the neat layouts of some European cities while promoting his furniture there.[20] After becoming mayor, he also made a joint venture with politician and former lieutenant general Luhut Binsar Pandjaitan, when the two founded PT Rakabu Sejahtera (from Rakabu and Luhut's PT Toba Sejahtera).[29][30]

Other Languages
العربية: جوكو ويدودو
aragonés: Joko Widodo
asturianu: Joko Widodo
azərbaycanca: Coko Vidodo
Bahasa Banjar: Joko Widodo
Bân-lâm-gú: Joko Widodo
Basa Banyumasan: Joko Widodo
беларуская: Джока Відода
Bikol Central: Joko Widodo
Bislama: Joko Widodo
brezhoneg: Joko Widodo
català: Joko Widodo
čeština: Joko Widodo
Deutsch: Joko Widodo
español: Joko Widodo
Esperanto: Joko Widodo
euskara: Joko Widodo
français: Joko Widodo
galego: Joko Widodo
한국어: 조코 위도도
հայերեն: Ջոկո Վիդոդո
Bahasa Indonesia: Joko Widodo
italiano: Joko Widodo
Basa Jawa: Joko Widodo
ქართული: ჯოკო ვიდოდო
Latina: Joko Widodo
latviešu: Džoko Vidodo
Lëtzebuergesch: Joko Widodo
magyar: Joko Widodo
Malagasy: Joko Widodo
Bahasa Melayu: Joko Widodo
Baso Minangkabau: Joko Widodo
Nederlands: Joko Widodo
occitan: Joko Widodo
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Joko Widodo
پنجابی: جوکو ودودو
polski: Joko Widodo
português: Joko Widodo
română: Joko Widodo
Runa Simi: Joko Widodo
русский: Джоко Видодо
Simple English: Joko Widodo
Basa Sunda: Joko Widodo
svenska: Joko Widodo
Tagalog: Joko Widodo
татарча/tatarça: Җоко Видодо
Türkçe: Joko Widodo
українська: Джоко Відодо
Tiếng Việt: Joko Widodo
Winaray: Joko Widodo
粵語: 佐戈
Bahasa Hulontalo: Joko Widodo