John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore

  • the right honourable

    the earl of dunmore

    pc
    sir joshua reynolds - john murray, 4th earl of dunmore - google art project.jpg
    governor of the province of new york
    in office
    1770–1771
    monarchgeorge iii
    preceded bysir henry moore
    succeeded bywilliam tryon
    governor of the province of virginia
    in office
    1771–1775
    monarchgeorge iii
    preceded bylord botetourt
    succeeded bypatrick henry (as governor of the commonwealth of virginia)
    20th royal governor of the bahamas
    in office
    1787–1796
    monarchgeorge iii
    preceded by james edward powell
    succeeded by john forbes
    personal details
    born1730
    taymouth, scotland
    died25 february 1809 (aged 78–79)
    ramsgate, kent, england
    nationalitybritish

    john murray, 4th earl of dunmore, pc (1730 – 25 february 1809), generally known as lord dunmore, was a scottish peer and colonial governor in the american colonies and the bahamas. he was the last royal governor of virginia.[1]

    lord dunmore was named governor of the province of new york in 1770. he succeeded to the same position in the colony of virginia the following year, after the death of norborne berkeley, 4th baron botetourt. as virginia's governor, dunmore directed a series of campaigns against the trans-appalachian indians, known as lord dunmore's war. he is noted for issuing a 1775 document (dunmore's proclamation) offering freedom to any slave who fought for the crown against the patriots in virginia. dunmore fled to new york after the burning of norfolk in 1776, and later returned to britain. he was governor of the bahama islands from 1787 to 1796.

  • family and early life
  • colonial governor of new york
  • colonial governor of virginia
  • peerage
  • death
  • legacy
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links


The Earl of Dunmore

Sir Joshua Reynolds - John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore - Google Art Project.jpg
Governor of the Province of New York
In office
1770–1771
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded bySir Henry Moore
Succeeded byWilliam Tryon
Governor of the Province of Virginia
In office
1771–1775
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded byLord Botetourt
Succeeded byPatrick Henry (as Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia)
20th Royal Governor of the Bahamas
In office
1787–1796
MonarchGeorge III
Preceded by James Edward Powell
Succeeded by John Forbes
Personal details
Born1730
Taymouth, Scotland
Died25 February 1809 (aged 78–79)
Ramsgate, Kent, England
NationalityBritish

John Murray, 4th Earl of Dunmore, PC (1730 – 25 February 1809), generally known as Lord Dunmore, was a Scottish peer and colonial governor in the American colonies and The Bahamas. He was the last royal governor of Virginia.[1]

Lord Dunmore was named governor of the Province of New York in 1770. He succeeded to the same position in the Colony of Virginia the following year, after the death of Norborne Berkeley, 4th Baron Botetourt. As Virginia's governor, Dunmore directed a series of campaigns against the trans-Appalachian Indians, known as Lord Dunmore's War. He is noted for issuing a 1775 document (Dunmore's Proclamation) offering freedom to any slave who fought for the Crown against the Patriots in Virginia. Dunmore fled to New York after the Burning of Norfolk in 1776, and later returned to Britain. He was Governor of the Bahama Islands from 1787 to 1796.