John F. Kennedy

  • john f. kennedy
    john f. kennedy, white house color photo portrait.jpg
    kennedy in the oval office, july 1963
    35th president of the united states
    in office
    january 20, 1961 – november 22, 1963
    vice presidentlyndon b. johnson
    preceded bydwight d. eisenhower
    succeeded bylyndon b. johnson
    united states senator
    from massachusetts
    in office
    january 3, 1953 – december 22, 1960
    preceded byhenry cabot lodge jr.
    succeeded bybenjamin a. smith ii
    member of the u.s. house of representatives
    from massachusetts's 11th district
    in office
    january 3, 1947 – january 3, 1953
    preceded byjames michael curley
    succeeded bytip o'neill
    personal details
    born
    john fitzgerald kennedy

    (1917-05-29)may 29, 1917
    brookline, massachusetts, u.s.
    diednovember 22, 1963(1963-11-22) (aged 46)
    dallas, texas, u.s.
    cause of deathassassination (gunshot wound)
    resting placearlington national cemetery
    political partydemocratic
    spouse(s)
    jacqueline lee bouvier (m. 1953)
    children
    • 4, including caroline,

    john jr. and patrick

    parentsjoseph p. kennedy sr.
    rose fitzgerald
    relativessee kennedy family
    educationharvard university (ab)
    stanford university
    signaturecursive signature in ink
    military service
    allegiance united states
    branch/service united states navy
    years of service1941–1945
    rankus navy o3 infobox.svg lieutenant
    unitmotor torpedo squadron 2
     • patrol torpedo boat 109
     • patrol torpedo boat 59
    battles/warsworld war ii
     • solomon islands campaign
    awardsnavy and marine corps medal ribbon.svg navy and marine corps medal
    purple heart ribbon.svg purple heart
    american defense service medal ribbon.svg american defense service medal
    american campaign medal ribbon.svg american campaign medal
    asiatic-pacific campaign medal ribbon.svg asiatic-pacific campaign medal (with 3 service stars)
    world war ii victory medal ribbon.svg world war ii victory[1]

    john fitzgerald kennedy (may 29, 1917 – november 22, 1963), often referred to by the initials jfk and jack, was an american politician who served as the 35th president of the united states from january 1961 until his assassination in november 1963. kennedy served at the height of the cold war, and the majority of his work as president concerned relations with the soviet union and cuba. a democrat, kennedy represented massachusetts in the u.s. house of representatives and senate prior to becoming president.

    kennedy was born into a wealthy, political family in brookline, massachusetts. he graduated from harvard university in 1940, before joining the u.s. naval reserve the following year. during world war ii, he commanded a series of pt boats in the pacific theater and earned the navy and marine corps medal for his service. after the war, kennedy represented the massachusetts's 11th congressional district in the u.s. house of representatives from 1947 to 1953. he was subsequently elected to the u.s. senate and served as the junior senator from massachusetts from 1953 to 1960. while in the senate, kennedy published his book profiles in courage, which won a pulitzer prize. in the 1960 presidential election, he narrowly defeated republican opponent richard nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.

    kennedy's administration included high tensions with communist states in the cold war. he increased the number of american military advisers in south vietnam. in april 1961, he authorized an attempt to overthrow the cuban government of fidel castro in the bay of pigs invasion.[2] kennedy authorized the cuban project in november 1961. he rejected operation northwoods (plans for false flag attacks to gain approval for a war against cuba) in march 1962. however, his administration continued to plan for an invasion of cuba in the summer of 1962.[3] the following october, u.s. spy planes discovered soviet missile bases had been deployed in cuba; the resulting period of tensions, termed the cuban missile crisis, nearly resulted in the breakout of a global thermonuclear conflict. the strategic hamlet program began in vietnam during his presidency. domestically, kennedy presided over the establishment of the peace corps and the continuation of the apollo space program, and supported the civil rights movement , but was only somewhat successful in passing his new frontier domestic policies.

    on november 22, 1963, he was assassinated in dallas, texas. vice president lyndon b. johnson assumed the presidency upon kennedy's death. marxist lee harvey oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was shot and killed by jack ruby two days later. the fbi and the warren commission both concluded oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups contested the warren report and believed that kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy. after kennedy's death, congress enacted many of his proposals, including the civil rights act and the revenue act of 1964. kennedy ranks highly in polls of u.s. presidents with historians and the general public. his personal life has also been the focus of considerable sustained interest, following public revelations in the 1970s of his chronic health ailments and extramarital affairs.

  • early life and education
  • u.s. navy reserve (1941–1945)
  • journalism
  • congressional career (1947–1960)
  • 1960 presidential election
  • presidency (1961–1963)
  • death
  • personal life, family, and reputation
  • historical evaluations and legacy
  • media
  • see also
  • notes
  • references
  • further reading
  • external links

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg
Kennedy in the Oval Office, July 1963
35th President of the United States
In office
January 20, 1961 – November 22, 1963
Vice PresidentLyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byDwight D. Eisenhower
Succeeded byLyndon B. Johnson
United States Senator
from Massachusetts
In office
January 3, 1953 – December 22, 1960
Preceded byHenry Cabot Lodge Jr.
Succeeded byBenjamin A. Smith II
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 11th district
In office
January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1953
Preceded byJames Michael Curley
Succeeded byTip O'Neill
Personal details
Born
John Fitzgerald Kennedy

(1917-05-29)May 29, 1917
Brookline, Massachusetts, U.S.
DiedNovember 22, 1963(1963-11-22) (aged 46)
Dallas, Texas, U.S.
Cause of deathAssassination (Gunshot wound)
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Children

John Jr. and Patrick

ParentsJoseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Rose Fitzgerald
RelativesSee Kennedy family
EducationHarvard University (AB)
Stanford University
SignatureCursive signature in ink
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Years of service1941–1945
RankUS Navy O3 infobox.svg Lieutenant
UnitMotor Torpedo Squadron 2
 • Patrol Torpedo Boat 109
 • Patrol Torpedo Boat 59
Battles/warsWorld War II
 • Solomon Islands campaign
AwardsNavy and Marine Corps Medal ribbon.svg Navy and Marine Corps Medal
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart
American Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal ribbon.svg Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal (with 3 service stars)
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War II Victory[1]

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), often referred to by the initials JFK and Jack, was an American politician who served as the 35th president of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963. Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his work as president concerned relations with the Soviet Union and Cuba. A Democrat, Kennedy represented Massachusetts in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate prior to becoming president.

Kennedy was born into a wealthy, political family in Brookline, Massachusetts. He graduated from Harvard University in 1940, before joining the U.S. Naval Reserve the following year. During World War II, he commanded a series of PT boats in the Pacific theater and earned the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for his service. After the war, Kennedy represented the Massachusetts's 11th congressional district in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1947 to 1953. He was subsequently elected to the U.S. Senate and served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts from 1953 to 1960. While in the Senate, Kennedy published his book Profiles in Courage, which won a Pulitzer Prize. In the 1960 presidential election, he narrowly defeated Republican opponent Richard Nixon, who was the incumbent vice president.

Kennedy's administration included high tensions with communist states in the Cold War. He increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam. In April 1961, he authorized an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs Invasion.[2] Kennedy authorized the Cuban Project in November 1961. He rejected Operation Northwoods (plans for false flag attacks to gain approval for a war against Cuba) in March 1962. However, his administration continued to plan for an invasion of Cuba in the summer of 1962.[3] The following October, U.S. spy planes discovered Soviet missile bases had been deployed in Cuba; the resulting period of tensions, termed the Cuban Missile Crisis, nearly resulted in the breakout of a global thermonuclear conflict. The Strategic Hamlet Program began in Vietnam during his presidency. Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and the continuation of the Apollo space program, and supported the Civil rights movement , but was only somewhat successful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.

On November 22, 1963, he was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the presidency upon Kennedy's death. Marxist Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the state crime, but he was shot and killed by Jack Ruby two days later. The FBI and the Warren Commission both concluded Oswald had acted alone in the assassination, but various groups contested the Warren Report and believed that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiracy. After Kennedy's death, Congress enacted many of his proposals, including the Civil Rights Act and the Revenue Act of 1964. Kennedy ranks highly in polls of U.S. presidents with historians and the general public. His personal life has also been the focus of considerable sustained interest, following public revelations in the 1970s of his chronic health ailments and extramarital affairs.

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ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: كېننېدى
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