John Beaumont, 1st Viscount Beaumont (c. 1409–1460), was an English nobleman and
Lincolnshire. He was a councillor to King
Henry VI and was rewarded for his services, becoming a leading member of the
East Anglian nobility. Beaumont held numerous offices for the crown, and was promoted up the
peerage to become the first man with the rank of
viscount. He also amassed immense personal wealth, acquired through inheritance, marriage, and royal patronage.
Beaumont was present for some of the most notable events of Henry VI's reign. He was present at the arrest of
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester in 1447, helped defend the king against
Jack Cade's Rebellion in 1450, and helped suppress the rebellion of
Richard, Duke of York in 1452. While York and his allies ended up fighting against the king, Beaumont remained loyal to the
Lancastrian crown during the 1450s, which saw the beginning of the
Wars of the Roses. His personal loyalty to Henry VI eventually cost him his life – he was killed, bodyguarding the king, at the
Battle of Northampton in 1460. Beaumont's son,
William Beaumont, continued the struggle against the Yorkists.