Jim Peebles

Jim Peebles

Jim Peebles 2010.jpg
Peebles in 2010
Born
Phillip James Edwin Peebles

(1935-04-25) April 25, 1935 (age 84)
NationalityCanadian, American
EducationUniversity of Manitoba (BS)
Princeton University (MS, PhD)
Known forCosmic microwave background radiation
AwardsEddington Medal (1981)
Heineman Prize (1982)
Bruce Medal (1995)
Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society (1998)
Gruber Prize (2000)
Harvey Prize (2001)
Shaw Prize (2004)
Crafoord Prize (2005)
Dirac Medal (2013)
Nobel Prize in Physics (2019)
Scientific career
FieldsTheoretical physics
Physical cosmology
InstitutionsPrinceton University
Institute for Advanced Study
Observational tests and theoretical problems relating to the conjecture that the strength of the electromagnetic interaction may be variable (1962)
Doctoral advisorRobert Dicke
Doctoral students

Phillip James Edwin Peebles OM FRS (born April 25, 1935) is a Canadian-American astrophysicist, astronomer, and theoretical cosmologist who is currently the Albert Einstein Professor Emeritus of Science at Princeton University.[1][2] He is widely regarded as one of the world's leading theoretical cosmologists in the period since 1970, with major theoretical contributions to primordial nucleosynthesis, dark matter, the cosmic microwave background, and structure formation.

Peebles was awarded half of the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2019 for his theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology.[3] He shared the prize with Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz for their discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a sun-like star.[4][5][6]

Early life

Peebles was born on April 25, 1935 in St. Boniface, in present-day Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, the son of Ada Marion (Green), a homemaker, and Andrew Charles Peebles, who worked for the Winnipeg Grain Exchange.[7] He completed his bachelor of science at the University of Manitoba. He left Manitoba in the fall of 1958 to attend Princeton University, where he received his Ph.D. in 1962[8][9] under the supervision of physicist Robert Dicke.[10] He remained at Princeton for his whole career. Peebles was a Member in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study during the academic year 1977–78; he made subsequent visits during 1990–91 and 1998–99.[11]

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ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਿਮ ਪੀਬਲਜ਼
português: James Peebles
română: James Peebles
русский: Пиблс, Джим
Simple English: Jim Peebles
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српски / srpski: Џим Пиблс
svenska: James Peebles
українська: Джеймс Піблс
Tiếng Việt: Jim Peebles