Jeanne Calment

Jeanne Calment
Calment celebrating her 121st birthday in 1996
Jeanne Louise Calment

(1875-02-21)21 February 1875
Arles, France
Died(1997-08-04)4 August 1997 (aged 122 years, 164 days)
Arles, France
Known for
  • Longest confirmed human lifespan - since 12 May 1990
  • Oldest living person (11 January 1988 – 4 August 1997)
  • Only person verified to live to 120 years or beyond
  • First person verified to live to 116 years or beyond
Height1.50 m (4 ft 11 in)
Fernand Calment
(m. 1896; died 1942)

Jeanne Louise Calment (French: [ʒan lwiz kalmɑ̃]; 21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997) was a French woman from Arles widely reported to have been a supercentenarian and the oldest human whose age was well-documented, with a lifespan of 122 years and 164 days.

According to various records,[1] Calment outlived both her daughter and grandson. She became the oldest living person on 11 January 1988 at 112, one hundred years after encountering Vincent van Gogh, who visited her uncle's shop. She was declared the oldest person ever on 17 October 1995 at 120.

Although Calment came from a long-living family, there is no particular explanation for her longevity. She had lived a comfortable and stress-free life, with a healthy appetite and a daily exercise routine, enabling her to walk without a stick until the age of 114.

A November 2018 study advanced the hypothesis that Calment's daughter Yvonne usurped her identity in 1934, so that Jeanne actually died at age 59 and Yvonne, posing as Jeanne, was 99 years old upon her death in 1997.[2][3]

Early life

Birth certificate of Jeanne Louise Calment

Calment was born in Arles, Bouches-du-Rhône, Southern France on 21 February 1875.[4] Her father, Nicolas Calment (8 November 1837– 28 January 1931)[5], was a shipbuilder, and her mother, Marguerite Gilles (20 February 1838 – 18 September 1924), was from a family of millers. She had an older brother, François (25 April 1865 – 1 December 1962). Some of her close family members also lived an above-average lifespan, her older brother François lived to the age of 97, her father to 93, and her mother to 86.[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: جين كالمينت
azərbaycanca: Janna Kalman
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жанна Люіза Кальман
Ελληνικά: Ζαν Καλμάν
español: Jeanne Calment
Esperanto: Jeanne Calment
français: Jeanne Calment
한국어: 잔 칼망
hrvatski: Jeanne Calment
Bahasa Indonesia: Jeanne Calment
íslenska: Jeanne Calment
italiano: Jeanne Calment
Lëtzebuergesch: Jeanne Calment
Bahasa Melayu: Jeanne Calment
Nāhuatl: Jeanne Calment
پنجابی: جین کالمنٹ
português: Jeanne Calment
română: Jeanne Calment
Simple English: Jeanne Calment
slovenščina: Jeanne Calment
српски / srpski: Žana Kalman
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jeanne Calment
Türkçe: Jeanne Calment
українська: Жанна Кальман
Tiếng Việt: Jeanne Calment