Jeanne Calment

Jeanne Calment
Jeanne-Calment-1996.jpg
Calment celebrating her 121st birthday in 1996
Born
Jeanne Louise Calment

(1875-02-21)21 February 1875
Arles, France
Died(1997-08-04)4 August 1997
(aged 122 years, 164 days)
Arles, France
NationalityFrench
Known for
  • Longest documented human lifespan – since 12 May 1990
  • Oldest living person (11 January 1988 – 4 August 1997)
Spouse(s)
Fernand Calment
(m. 1896; died 1942)
Children1 daughter, Yvonne

Jeanne Louise Calment (French: [ʒan lwiz kalmɑ̃]; 21 February 1875 – 4 August 1997) was a French supercentenarian from Arles, and the oldest human whose age was well-documented, with a lifespan of 122 years and 164 days.[1] Her longevity attracted media attention and medical studies of her health and lifestyle.

According to census records, Calment outlived both her daughter and grandson.[2] She was widely reported to have been the oldest living person in 1988 at 112, and was declared the oldest person ever in 1995 at age 120.[3]

Some researchers have challenged Calment's extreme age due to statistical unlikelihood, and have examined the possibility that her daughter Yvonne may have assumed Calment's identity in 1934.[4] Other researchers have dismissed this hypothesis on the basis of extensive prior research into Calment's life.[5]

Early life

Birth certificate of Jeanne Louise Calment

Calment was born in Arles, Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence, on 21 February 1875.[1] Her father, Nicolas Calment (8 November 1837 – 28 January 1931), was a shipbuilder, and her mother, Marguerite Gilles (20 February 1838 – 18 September 1924), was from a family of millers. She had an older brother, François (25 April 1865 – 1 December 1962). Some of her close family members also lived an above-average lifespan: her brother lived to the age of 97, her father to 93, and her mother to 86.[2]

From the age of seven until her first communion, she attended Mrs Benet's church primary school in Arles, and then the local collège (secondary school), finishing at 16 with the brevet classique diploma (O-level). Asked about her daily routine while at primary school, she replied that "when you are young you get up at eight o'clock". In lieu of a solid breakfast she would have either coffee with milk, or hot chocolate, and at noon her father would pick her up from school to have lunch at home before she returned to school for the afternoon. In the following years, she continued to live with her parents, awaiting marriage, painting, and improving her piano skills.[6]:27–32

Other Languages
العربية: جين كالمينت
azərbaycanca: Janna Kalman
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Жанна Люіза Кальман
Ελληνικά: Ζαν Καλμάν
español: Jeanne Calment
Esperanto: Jeanne Calment
français: Jeanne Calment
한국어: 잔 칼망
hrvatski: Jeanne Calment
Bahasa Indonesia: Jeanne Calment
íslenska: Jeanne Calment
italiano: Jeanne Calment
Lëtzebuergesch: Jeanne Calment
Bahasa Melayu: Jeanne Calment
Nāhuatl: Jeanne Calment
Nederlands: Jeanne Calment
پنجابی: جین کالمنٹ
português: Jeanne Calment
română: Jeanne Calment
Simple English: Jeanne Calment
slovenščina: Jeanne Calment
српски / srpski: Žana Kalman
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Jeanne Calment
Türkçe: Jeanne Calment
українська: Жанна Кальман
Tiếng Việt: Jeanne Calment