Jean-de-Dieu Soult

Marshal General
Jean-de-Dieu Soult
Duke and Peer, GOLH, KOHS, COSL
Soult2.jpg
Jean-de-Dieu Soult, Duke of Dalmatia
10th Prime Minister of France
In office
29 October 1840 – 18 September 1847
MonarchLouis Philippe I
Preceded byAdolphe Thiers
Succeeded byFrançois Guizot
In office
12 May 1839 – 1 March 1840
MonarchLouis Philippe I
Preceded byMathieu Molé
Succeeded byAdolphe Thiers
In office
11 October 1832 – 18 July 1834
MonarchLouis Philippe I
Preceded byCasimir Perier
Succeeded byÉtienne Maurice Gérard
Minister of War
In office
17 November 1830 – 18 July 1834
Prime MinisterJacques Laffitte
Casimir Perier
Preceded byÉtienne Maurice Gérard
Succeeded byÉtienne Maurice Gérard
Personal details
Born(1769-03-29)29 March 1769
Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, France
Died26 November 1851(1851-11-26) (aged 82)
Saint-Amans-la-Bastide, Tarn, France
Political partyIndependent
Spouse(s)
Jeanne-Louise-Elisabeth Berg
(m. 1796; d. 1851)
Children2
ProfessionMilitary officer
Military service
Allegiance Kingdom of France
 Kingdom of the French
 First French Republic
 First French Empire
 Bourbon Restoration
Service/branchLand Army
Years of service1785–1815
Rank
UnitInfantry Royal Regiment
Army of Sambre-et-Meuse
Army of Helvetia
110th Infantry Regiment
Battles/warsNapoleonic Wars:

Marshal General Jean-de-Dieu Soult,[1][2] 1st Duke of Dalmatia, (French: [ʒɑ̃dədjø sult]; 29 March 1769 – 26 November 1851) was a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult. Soult was one of only six officers in French history to receive the distinction of Marshal General of France. The Duke also served three times as President of the Council of Ministers, or Prime Minister of France.

Soult's intrigues while occupying Portugal earned him the nickname, "King Nicolas", and while he was Napoleon's military governor of Andalusia, Soult looted 1.5 million francs worth of art.[3] One historian called him "a plunderer in the world class."[4]

Early life

Soult was born at Saint-Amans-la-Bastide (now called Saint-Amans-Soult, near Castres, in the Tarn departement) and named after John of God. He was the son of a country notary named Jean Soult (1726–1779) by his marriage to Brigitte de Grenier. His paternal grandparents were Jean Soult (1698–1772) and Jeanne de Calvet, while his maternal grandparents were Pierre François de Grenier de Lapierre and Marie de Robert. His younger brother Pierre also became a French general.

Other Languages
Ελληνικά: Ζαν Σουλτ
Bahasa Indonesia: Jean-de-Dieu Soult
norsk nynorsk: Jean-de-Dieu Soult
slovenščina: Nicolas Soult
Tiếng Việt: Jean-de-Dieu Soult
吴语: 苏尔特