January 1

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History

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Catholic Church, many countries in western Europe moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals – December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.[ citation needed]

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 ( Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record notes the execution of Charles I as occurring on January 30, 1648, (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

Other Languages
Afrikaans: 1 Januarie
Alemannisch: 1. Januar
አማርኛ: 1 January
العربية: 1 يناير
aragonés: 1 de chinero
armãneashti: 1 Yinar
arpetan: 1ér janviér
অসমীয়া: ১ জানুৱাৰী
asturianu: 1 de xineru
Avañe'ẽ: 1 jasyteĩ
авар: 1 Январ
azərbaycanca: 1 yanvar
تۆرکجه: ۱ ژانویه
Bahasa Banjar: 1 Januari
Bân-lâm-gú: 1 goe̍h 1 ji̍t
Basa Banyumasan: 1 Januari
башҡортса: 1 ғинуар
беларуская: 1 студзеня
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: 1 студзеня
भोजपुरी: 1 जनवरी
Bikol Central: Enero 1
български: 1 януари
bosanski: 1. januar
brezhoneg: 1añ Genver
буряад: 1 һарын 1
català: 1 de gener
Чӑвашла: Кăрлач, 1
Cebuano: Enero 1
čeština: 1. leden
Chavacano de Zamboanga: 1 de Enero
Cymraeg: 1 Ionawr
dansk: 1. januar
Deutsch: 1. Januar
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖެނުއަރީ 1
eesti: 1. jaanuar
Ελληνικά: 1 Ιανουαρίου
emiliàn e rumagnòl: 1 ed znèr
español: 1 de enero
Esperanto: 1-a de januaro
estremeñu: 1 eneru
فارسی: ۱ ژانویه
Fiji Hindi: 1 January
føroyskt: 1. januar
français: 1er janvier
furlan: 1 di Zenâr
Gagauz: 1 Büük ay
Gàidhlig: 1 am Faoilleach
galego: 1 de xaneiro
贛語: 1月1號
ગુજરાતી: જાન્યુઆરી ૧
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: 1-ngie̍t 1-ngit
한국어: 1월 1일
Հայերեն: Հունվարի 1
हिन्दी: १ जनवरी
hornjoserbsce: 1. januara
hrvatski: 1. siječnja
Ilokano: Enero 1
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জানুয়ারী ১
Bahasa Indonesia: 1 Januari
interlingua: 1 de januario
Interlingue: 1 januar
Ирон: 1 январы
íslenska: 1. janúar
italiano: 1º gennaio
עברית: 1 בינואר
Basa Jawa: 1 Januari
kalaallisut: Jannuaari 1
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜನವರಿ ೧
Kapampangan: Eneru 1
къарачай-малкъар: 1 январь
ქართული: 1 იანვარი
kaszëbsczi: 1 stëcznika
қазақша: 1 қаңтар
kernowek: 1 Genver
Kiswahili: 1 Januari
коми: 1 тӧв шӧр
Kreyòl ayisyen: 1e janvye
Кыргызча: 1 январь
Ladino: 1 de Jenero
лезги: 1 январь
Latina: 1 Ianuarii
latviešu: 1. janvāris
Lëtzebuergesch: 1. Januar
lietuvių: Sausio 1
Limburgs: 1 jannewarie
Livvinkarjala: 1. pakkaskuudu
la .lojban.: pavma'i 1moi
lumbaart: 01 01
magyar: Január 1.
मैथिली: १ जनवरी
македонски: 1 јануари
Malagasy: 1 Janoary
മലയാളം: ജനുവരി 1
მარგალური: 1 ღურთუთა
مصرى: 1 يناير
مازِرونی: ۱ ژانویه
Bahasa Melayu: 1 Januari
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: 1 nguŏk 1 hô̤
монгол: 1 сарын 1
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ၁ ဇန်နဝါရီ
Nāhuatl: 1 ce metztli
Nederlands: 1 januari
Nedersaksies: 1 jannewaori
नेपाली: १ जनवरी
नेपाल भाषा: ज्यानुवरी १
日本語: 1月1日
Napulitano: 1 'e jennaro
нохчийн: 1 январь
norsk bokmål: 1. januar
norsk nynorsk: 1. januar
Nouormand: 1 Janvyi
Novial: 1 de januare
олык марий: 1 Шорыкйол
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ୧ ଜାନୁଆରୀ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: 1-yanvar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: 1 ਜਨਵਰੀ
Pangasinan: January 1
پنجابی: 1جنوری
Перем Коми: Январ 1’ лун
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ១ មករា
Plattdüütsch: 1. Januar
polski: 1 stycznia
Ποντιακά: 1 Καλανταρί
português: 1 de janeiro
Ripoarisch: 1. Jannowaa
română: 1 ianuarie
русиньскый: 1. януар
русский: 1 января
саха тыла: Тохсунньу 1
sámegiella: Ođđajagimánu 1.
संस्कृतम्: १ जनवरी
Scots: 1 Januar
Seeltersk: 1. Januoar
Sesotho sa Leboa: Pherekgong 1
shqip: 1 janar
sicilianu: 1 di jinnaru
සිංහල: ජනවාරි 1
Simple English: January 1
سنڌي: 1 جنوري
slovenčina: 1. január
slovenščina: 1. januar
ślůnski: 1 styczńa
српски / srpski: 1. јануар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: 1. 1.
Basa Sunda: 1 Januari
svenska: 1 januari
Tagalog: Enero 1
தமிழ்: சனவரி 1
Taqbaylit: 1 yennayer
татарча/tatarça: 1 гыйнвар
తెలుగు: జనవరి 1
тоҷикӣ: 1 январ
Türkçe: 1 Ocak
Türkmençe: 1 ýanwar
українська: 1 січня
اردو: 1 جنوری
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: 1- قەھرىتان
vèneto: 1° de genaro
Tiếng Việt: 1 tháng 1
Volapük: Yanul 1
West-Vlams: 1 januoari
Winaray: Enero 1
Xitsonga: Sunguti 1
ייִדיש: 1טן יאנואר
粵語: 1月1號
Zazaki: 1 Çele
Zeêuws: 1 januari
žemaitėška: Sausė 1
中文: 1月1日