James Gillray

James Gillray
Jamesgillrayportrait.jpg
James Gillray
Born13 August 1756[1] or 1757
Chelsea, London, England, United Kingdom
Died1 June 1815 (aged 57 or 58)
London, England, United Kingdom
NationalityEnglish
OccupationCaricaturist, printmaker

James Gillray (13 August 1756[2] or 1757[3] – 1 June 1815) was a British caricaturist and printmaker famous for his etched political and social satires, mainly published between 1792 and 1810. Many of his works are held at the National Portrait Gallery in London.

Gillray has been called "the father of the political cartoon", with his works satirizing George III, prime ministers and generals.[4] Regarded as being one of the two most influential cartoonists, the other being William Hogarth, Gillray's wit and humour, knowledge of life, fertility of resource, keen sense of the ludicrous, and beauty of execution, at once gave him the first place among caricaturists.[4][5]

Early life

He was born in Chelsea, London. His father, a native of Lanark, had served as a soldier: he lost an arm at the Battle of Fontenoy and was admitted, first as an inmate and subsequently as an outdoor pensioner, at Chelsea Hospital. Gillray commenced life by learning letter-engraving, at which he soon became adept. Finding this employment irksome, he then wandered for a time with a company of strolling players. After a chequered experience, he returned to London and was admitted as a student in the Royal Academy, supporting himself by engraving, and probably issuing a considerable number of caricatures under fictitious names. His caricatures are almost all in etching, some also with aquatint, and a few using stipple technique. None can correctly be described as engravings, although this term is often loosely used to describe them. Hogarth's works were the delight and study of his early years. Paddy on Horseback, which appeared in 1779, is the first caricature which is certainly his. Two caricatures on Admiral Rodney's naval victory at the Battle of the Saintes, issued in 1782, were among the first of the memorable series of his political sketches.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: جيمس جيلري
беларуская: Джэймс Гілрэй
čeština: James Gillray
Cymraeg: James Gillray
Deutsch: James Gillray
español: James Gillray
Esperanto: James Gillray
français: James Gillray
hrvatski: James Gillray
italiano: James Gillray
Lëtzebuergesch: James Gillray
Nederlands: James Gillray
norsk nynorsk: James Gillray
português: James Gillray
Simple English: James Gillray
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: James Gillray
svenska: James Gillray
українська: Джеймс Гілрей