Brown performing in February 1973
James Joseph Brown Jr.
May 3, 1933
|Died||December 25, 2006 (aged 73)|
|Children||9 (possibly 13; see below)|
James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, songwriter, dancer, musician, record producer and bandleader. A progenitor of
Brown began his career as a
During the late 1960s, Brown moved from a continuum of blues and gospel-based forms and styles to a profoundly "
Brown recorded 17 singles that reached No. 1 on the
Brown was born on May 3, 1933, in Barnwell, South Carolina, to 16-year-old Susie (née Behling; 1917–2003), and 22-year-old Joseph Gardner Brown (1911–1993), in a small wooden shack. Brown's name was supposed to have been Joseph James Brown Jr., but his first and middle names were mistakenly reversed on his birth certificate. He later legally changed his name to remove "Jr." In his autobiography, Brown stated that he also had Chinese and Native American ancestry; his father was of mixed African-American and Native American descent, whilst his mother was of mixed African-American and Chinese descent. The Brown family lived in extreme poverty in
He began singing in talent shows as a young child, first appearing at Augusta's Lenox Theater in 1944, winning the show after singing the ballad "So Long". While in Augusta, Brown performed