Jalandhar

Jalandhar

Jullundur
City
Jalandhar City
Nickname(s): 
JUC, JRC
Jalandhar is located in India
Jalandhar
Jalandhar
Jalandhar is located in Punjab
Jalandhar
Jalandhar
Coordinates: 31°19′34″N 75°34′34″E / 31°19′34″N 75°34′34″E / 31.326; 75.576

Jalandhar is a city in the north Indian state of Punjab.

Jalandhar lies alongside the Grand Trunk Road and is a well-connected rail and road junction. Jalandhar is 144 km northwest of Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab and Haryana.

History

Kos Minar along Grand Trunk Road in Dakhini near Jalandhar, from Sher Shah Suri period

The history of Jalandhar District comprises three periods — ancient, medieval and modern.

The city[3] is named after Jalandhara, a demon king, who is mentioned in the Puranas and Mahabharta. According to another legend, Jalandhar was the capital of the kingdom of Lava, son of Rama. According to another version Jalandhar is said to have derived its name from the vernacular term `Jalandhar' means area inside the water, i.e., tract lying between the two rivers Satluj and Beas. The whole of Punjab and the area of present Jalandhar District was part of the Indus Valley Civilization. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro are the sites where remains of the Indus Valley Civilization have been found extensively. The archaeological explorations made during recent years have pushed the ancient times of Jalandhar District of Harappa period. Jalandhar was ruled by King Arjan Singh.[4]

The modern history of Jalandhar District states that Khilafat Movement was started in the district in early 1920 to bring pressure upon British rulers to change their policy towards Turkey. Mahatma Gandhi extended sympathy and support to this movement. Jalandhar District was declared 'Proclaimed Area' under the Seditious Meetings Act. After the independence of the country, however, the district was affected by communal riots and exodus of minority communities from both sides of the border, consequent upon the partition of the country.

Other Languages
العربية: جالاندهار
تۆرکجه: جلندر
বাংলা: জলন্ধর
Bân-lâm-gú: Jalandhar (siâⁿ)
भोजपुरी: जालंधर
català: Jalandhar
čeština: Džalandhar
Deutsch: Jalandhar
español: Jalandhar
Esperanto: Ĝalanĝar
euskara: Jalandhar
فارسی: جلندر
Fiji Hindi: Jalandhar
français: Jalandhar
galego: Jalandhar
ગુજરાતી: જલંધર
한국어: 잘란다르
हिन्दी: जालंधर
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জলন্ধর
italiano: Jalandhar
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಜಲಂಧರ್
Kapampangan: Jalandhar
ქართული: ჯალანდჰარი
lietuvių: Džalandharas
Malagasy: Jalandhar
മലയാളം: ജലന്ധർ
मराठी: जलंधर
მარგალური: ჯალანდჰარი
Bahasa Melayu: Jalandhar
Nederlands: Jalandhar (stad)
नेपाली: जालन्धर
नेपाल भाषा: जलन्धर
norsk: Jalandhar
norsk nynorsk: Jalandhar
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଜଳନ୍ଧର
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਲੰਧਰ
پنجابی: جالندھر
پښتو: جلندر
polski: Dźalandhar
português: Jalandar
română: Jalandhar
русский: Джаландхар
संस्कृतम्: जलन्धर
Scots: Jalandhar
Simple English: Jalandhar
سنڌي: جالنڌر
ślůnski: Dźalandhar
کوردی: جەلەندەر
српски / srpski: Џаландар
suomi: Jalandhar
svenska: Jalandhar
தமிழ்: ஜலந்தர்
Türkçe: Jalandhar
українська: Джаландхар
اردو: جالندھر
Tiếng Việt: Jalandhar
Winaray: Jalandhar
中文: 賈朗達爾