Italian Peninsula

Italian Peninsula
Apennine Peninsula

Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica, Terraferma, Continente, lo Stivale  (Italian)
A map of the Italian Peninsula and its location in Europe.
Satellite view of the peninsula in March 2003.
Italian Peninsula in Europe.svg
Italian Peninsula in dark green
LocationSouthern Europe

42°N 14°E / 42°N 14°E / 42; 14

37°N 15°E / 37°N 15°E / 37; 15
Area150,000 km2 (58,000 sq mi)
Highest pointCorno Grande
Largest settlementRome
Largest settlementDogana
Largest settlementItself (City-state)
Pop. density199.27 /km2 (516.11 /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsItalian

The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Italian: Penisola italiana, Penisola appenninica) extends 1,000 km (620 mi) from the Po Valley in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south (about 44% of total Italy's area). The peninsula's shape gives it the nickname lo Stivale (the Boot). Three smaller peninsulas contribute to this characteristic shape, namely Calabria (the "toe"), Salento (the "heel") and Gargano (the "spur").

Geographically, the Italian peninsula consists of the land south of a line extending from the Magra to the Rubicon rivers, north of the Tuscan–Emilian Apennines. It excludes the Po Valley and the southern slopes of the Alps.[1][2]All of the peninsula lies within the territory of the Italian Republic except for the microstates of San Marino and Vatican City. Additionally, Sicily, Elba and other smaller islands, such as Palagruža (Italian: Pelagosa), (which belongs to Croatia) are usually considered as islands off the peninsula and in this sense geographically grouped along with it.

The peninsula lies between the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west, the Ionian Sea on the south, and the Adriatic Sea on the east. The backbone of the Italian peninsula consists of the Apennine Mountains, from which it takes one of its names. Most of its coast is lined with cliffs.

The peninsula has mainly a Mediterranean climate, though in the mountainous parts the climate is much cooler. Its natural vegetation includes macchia along the coasts and deciduous and mixed deciduous coniferous forests in the interior.

Modern countries/territories

Political divisions of the peninsula sorted by area:

Peninsular area Description
Population[3] km2 sq mi Share
 Italy 60,589,445 131,275 50,686 99.9531% Effectively the entire peninsula
 San Marino 31,887 61.2 23.6 0.0466% A central-eastern enclave of peninsular Italy
  Vatican City 829 0.44 0.17 0.0003% An enclave of Rome, Italy
Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Apennin yarımadası
Bân-lâm-gú: Í-tāi-lī poàn-tó
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Апэнінскі паўвостраў
brezhoneg: Ledenez Italia
dolnoserbski: Apenninska połkupa
Esperanto: Itala duoninsulo
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Yi-thai-li pan-tó
hornjoserbsce: Apenninska połkupa
Bahasa Indonesia: Semenanjung Italia
íslenska: Ítalíuskagi
Kiswahili: Rasi ya Italia
latviešu: Apenīnu pussala
მარგალური: აპენინიშ ჩქონი
Bahasa Melayu: Semenanjung Itali
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Apennin yarim oroli
Simple English: Italian Peninsula
slovenščina: Apeninski polotok
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Apeninsko poluostrvo
татарча/tatarça: Аппенин ярымутравы
Tiếng Việt: Bán đảo Ý