Isma'il Pasha

Ismail Pasha
İsmail Paşa
إسماعيل باشا
Khedive of Egypt and Sudan
Isma'il Pasha.jpg
Reign19 January 1863 – 26 June 1879
PredecessorSa'id I (Wāli)
SuccessorTewfik Pasha
Born(1830-12-31)31 December 1830
Died2 March 1895(1895-03-02) (aged 64)
SpouseShehret Feza Hanim
Jananiyar Hanim
Jeshm Afet Hanim
Shafaq Nur Hanim
Nur Felek Qadin
Misl Melek Qadin
Jihan Shah Qadin
Bezmi Alem Qadin
Hur Jenan Qadin
Jamal Nur Qadin
Ferial Qadin
Misl Jihan Qadin
Neshedil Qadin
Felek Naz Qadin
IssueTewfik Pasha
Hussein Kamel of Egypt
Fuad I of Egypt
Prince Ali Jamal ud-din Pasha
Jamilah Fadel
Princess Fatimah
Princess Aminah
Princess Nimetullah
Zeinab Hanem
Princess Tawhida
DynastyMuhammad Ali Dynasty
FatherIbrahim Pasha
MotherHoshiyar Qadin

Isma'il Pasha (Arabic: إسماعيل باشاIsmā‘īl Bāshā, Turkish: İsmail Paşa), known as Ismail the Magnificent (31 December 1830 – 2 March 1895), was the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan from 1863 to 1879, when he was removed at the behest of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Sharing the ambitious outlook of his grandfather, Muhammad Ali Pasha, he greatly modernized Egypt and Sudan during his reign, investing heavily in industrial and economic development, urbanisation, and the expansion of the country's boundaries in Africa.

His philosophy can be glimpsed at in a statement that he made in 1879: "My country is no longer in Africa; we are now part of Europe. It is therefore natural for us to abandon our former ways and to adopt a new system adapted to our social conditions".

In 1867 he also secured Ottoman and international recognition for his title of Khedive (Viceroy) in preference to Wāli (Governor) which was previously used by his predecessors in the Ottoman Eyalet of Egypt and Sudan (1517–1867). However, Isma'il's policies placed the Ottoman Khedivate of Egypt and Sudan (1867–1914) in severe debt, leading to the sale of the country's shares in the Suez Canal Company to the United Kingdom, and his ultimate toppling from power at British hands.


The second of the three sons of Ibrahim Pasha, and the grandson of Muhammad Ali, Ismail, of Albanian descent, was born in Cairo at Al Musafir Khana Palace.[1] His mother was Circassian Hoshiyar Qadin,[2] third wife of his father. She was reportedly a sister of Valide Sultan Pertevniyal (1812–1883). Pertevniyal was a wife of Mahmud II of the Ottoman Empire and mother of Abdülaziz I.[3][4][5][6]

Other Languages
Deutsch: Ismail Pascha
español: Ismail Pachá
Esperanto: Ismail-Paŝao
euskara: Ismail Paxa
français: Ismaïl Pacha
հայերեն: Իսմայիլ-Փաշա
Bahasa Indonesia: Ismail Pasha
italiano: Isma'il Pascià
latviešu: Ismaīls pašā
Bahasa Melayu: Ismail Pasha
português: Ismail Paxá
русский: Исмаил-паша
svenska: Ismail Pascha
Türkçe: İsmail Paşa
українська: Ізмаїл Паша
Tiếng Việt: Isma'il Pasha