Islamic Republican Party

Islamic Republican Party
Historical leaderRuhollah Khomeini
Founded17 February 1979 (1979-02-17)[1]
Dissolved1 June 1987 (1987-06-01)[1]
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
NewspaperIslamic Republican[2]
Paramilitary wingRevolutionary Guards[3]
Worker wingWorkers' House
Membership (1979)2,500,000 claimed[4]
Internal factions:
Planned economy[7]
Free market[7]
Political positionRight-wing to Left-wing[7]
ReligionShia Islam
National affiliationGrand Coalition[8]
SloganOne nation, one religion, one order, one leader[2]

The Islamic Republican Party (IRP; Persian: حزب جمهوری اسلامی‎, translit. Ḥezb-e Jomhūrī-e Eslāmī, also translated Islamic Republic Party) formed in mid-1979 to assist the Iranian Revolution and Ayatollah Khomeini establish theocracy in Iran. It was disbanded in May 1987 due to internal conflicts.

Founders and characteristics

The party was formed just two weeks following the revolution upon the request of Ayatollah Khomeini.[9] Five cofounders of the party were Mohammad Javad Bahonar, Mohammad Beheshti, Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, Ali Khamenei, and Abdolkarim Mousavi-Ardabili.[9][10] Early members of the central committee of the party, in addition to founding members, were Hassan Ayat, Asadollah Badamchiyan, Abdullah Jasbi, Mir Hossein Mousavi, Habibollah Askar Oladi, Sayyed Mahmoud Kashani, Mahdi Araghi and Ali Derakhshan.[10] The party had three general secretaries: Beheshti, Bahonar and Khamenei.[10]

The party has been said to be distinguished by "its strong clerical component, its loyalty to Khomeini, its strong animosity to the liberal political movements, and its tendency to support the revolutionary organizations," such as the komiteh. Policies it supported included the state takeover of large capital enterprises, the establishment of an Islamic cultural and university system, and programs to assist the poor.[11]

These revolutionary ayatollahs originally used the party to form a monopoly over the post-revolutionary theocratic Iranian state. In its struggle with civilian opponents the party made use of its ties to the Revolutionary Guards and Hezbollah.


Name Tenure Ref
Mohammad Beheshti 1979–1981 [10]
Mohammad Javad Bahonar 1981 [10]
Ali Khamenei 1981–1987 [10]
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