Islam is a minority religion in Nepal. According to the 2011 Nepal census, 4.4% of the population are Nepalese Muslims.
Islam is thought to have been introduced by the Indian Muslims and Pakistani Muslims settling in Nepal. Ahmadis maintain a small presence in Nepal.
According to the 2011 Nepal census, there are around 1.164 million Muslims in Nepal. Almost all of them live in Terai Region.  Districts with large Muslim concentrations are: Rautahat (19.7%), Banke (19.0%), Kapilvastu (18.2%), Parsa (14.5%), Mahottari (13.3%), Bara (13.0%) and Sunsari (11.5%). There are only 21,866 Muslims in the capital city of Kathmandu (1.25% of the total population).