Arabic: الإسلام, IPA:
listen)) is an
monotheistic religion which professes that there is only
one and incomparable God (
 and that Muhammad is the
messenger of God.
 It is the
world's second-largest religion
 and the
fastest-growing major religion in the world,
 with over 1.7 billion followers
 or 23% of the global population,
 known as
 Islam teaches that
God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique;
 and He has guided mankind through revealed scriptures, natural signs, and a line of prophets sealed by Muhammad. The primary scriptures of Islam are the
Quran, viewed by Muslims as the
verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the
sunnah, composed of accounts called
c. 570–8 June 632 CE).
Muslims believe that Islam is the
original, complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through
 As for the Quran, Muslims consider it to be the unaltered and final revelation of God.
 Religious concepts and practices include the
five pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following
Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from
women and the
 Certain religious rites and customs are observed by the Muslims in their family and social life, while social responsibilities to parents, relatives, and neighbors have also been defined. Besides, the Quran and the
sunnah of Muhammad prescribe a comprehensive body of moral guidelines for Muslims to be followed in their personal, social, political, and religious life.
Islam began in the early 7th century. Originating in
 it quickly spread in the
Arabian Peninsula and by the 8th century the
Islamic empire was extended from
Iberia in the west to the
Indus River in the east. The
Islamic Golden Age refers to the period traditionally dated from the 8th century to the 13th century when much of the historically
Islamic world was experiencing a
economic and cultural flourishing.
expansion of the
Muslim world involved various
empires, traders and
conversion to Islam by
Most Muslims are of one of two
 Islam is the dominant religion in the
North Africa, the
Horn of Africa, the
Central Asia and some other parts of Asia.
 About 13% of Muslims live in
the largest Muslim-majority country, 31% in
the largest population of Muslims in the world,
 23% in the
Middle East & North Africa,
 and 15% in
 Sizable Muslim communities are also found in
Russia, and the
Americas. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.