Arabic: الإسلام, IPA:
listen)) is an
religion which professes that there is only
one and incomparable God (
 and that
the last messenger of God.
 It is the
world's second-largest religion
 and the
fastest-growing major religion in the world,
 with over 1.7 billion followers
 or 23% of the global population,
 known as
 Islam teaches that
 and He has guided mankind through
natural signs, and
a line of prophets sealed by Muhammad. The primary scriptures of Islam are the
Quran, viewed by Muslims as the
verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the
sunnah, composed of accounts called
hadith) of Muhammad (
c. 570–8 June 632 CE). The cities of
Jerusalem are home to
the three holiest sites in Islam.
Muslims believe that Islam is
the original, complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including
 As for the Quran, Muslims consider it to be the unaltered and final revelation of God.
 Religious concepts and practices include the
five pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following
Islamic law, which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from
women and the
 Like other
Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches
resurrection of the dead, a final tribulation and eternal division of the righteous and wicked.
Islamic apocalyptic literature describing
Armageddon is often known as
malahim. The righteous are rewarded with pleasures of "
Paradise", while the unrighteous are punished in "
Mahdi (prophesied redeemer) will be sent and with the help of
Jesus, will battle
the Antichrist. They will triumph, liberating Islam from cruelty, and this will be followed by a time of serenity with people living true to religious values.
CE, Muhammad began receiving what Muslims consider to be divine revelations.
 Muhammad's message
won over a handful of followers and was met with
increasing opposition from notables of Mecca.
 In 618, after he lost protection with the death of his influential uncle
Abu Talib, Muhammad took
flight to the city of Yathrib (
Medina). With Muhammad's death in 632, disagreement broke out over who would
succeed him as leader of the Muslim community which eventually led to the
First Fitna. The dispute intensified greatly after the
Battle of Karbala, in which
Hussein ibn Ali was killed by the ruling
Yazid I, and the outcry for revenge divided the early Islamic community. By the 8th century, the
Islamic empire extended from
Iberia in the west to the
Indus river in the east. The
Delhi Sultanate took over northern parts of
Indian subcontinent. Under the
Ottoman Empire, Islam
spread to Southeast Europe.
 By the 19th century the
British Empire had formally ended the
Mughal Empire in
Ottoman Empire disintegrated after
World War I and the Caliphate was abolished in 1924.
Most Muslims are of one of two
 Islam is the dominant religion in the
North Africa, the
Indonesia and some other parts of
 About 13% of Muslims live in
the largest Muslim-majority country, 31% in
the largest population of Muslims in the world,
 23% in the
North Africa (
 and 15% in
 Sizable Muslim communities are also found in
Horn of Africa,
Mainland Southeast Asia,
Caucasus and the
Americas. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.