Isaias Afwerki

Isaias Afwerki
Isaias Afwerki in 2002.jpg
1st President of Eritrea
Assumed office
24 May 1993
Acting: 27 April 1991 – 24 May 1993
Preceded byPosition established
President of the National Assembly
Assumed office
24 May 1993
Preceded byPosition established
Leader of the People's Front for Democracy and Justice
Assumed office
15 June 1994
Preceded byPosition established
Leader of the Eritrean People's Liberation Front
In office
4 October 1978 – 15 June 1994
Preceded byRomodan Mohammed Nur
Succeeded bySebhat Ephrem
Personal details
Born (1946-02-02) 2 February 1946 (age 73)
Asmara, British Military Administration (Eritrea)
Political partyPeople's Front for Democracy and Justice
Spouse(s)Saba Haile
Children3 (Abraham, Berhane, Elsa)
Alma materAddis Ababa University

Isaias Afwerki [1] Tigrinya: ኢሳያስ ኣፍወርቂ ኣብርሃ ሃይሉ ሓጎስ ፍሱሕ [isajas afwɐrkʼi Abraha Hailu Hagos Mirach]; born 2 February 1946) is the first President of Eritrea, a position he has held since its independence in 1993. He led the Eritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) to victory in May 1991, thus ending the 30-year-old Eritrean War of Independence. Isaias is the leader of the country's sole legal political party, People's Front for Democracy and Justice (PFDJ). He has been cited for human's rights violations by the United Nations and Amnesty International. In 2015, Reporters Without Borders ranked Eritrea under the government of President Isaias Afewerki last in its press-freedom index for the eighth year running.

Personal life and education

Isaias Afwerki was born on 2 February 1946 in the Aba Shi'Aul district of Asmara, Eritrea.[2][3]

Isaias was educated at the Prince Makonnen High School (PMSS). In the early 1960s, he joined the nationalist Eritrean student movement.[4] In 1965, he began his studies at the College of Engineering at Haile Selassie I University (now called Addis Ababa University) in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.[4]

Isaias Afwerki met his wife, Saba Haile, during the struggle to liberate Eritrea. Like him, she was a freedom fighter and the two of them met in a village called Nakfa in the summer of 1981. Together they have three children: Abraham, Elsa and Berhane.[5] Numerous anecdotal stories imply that the lifestyle of the President of Eritrea is extremely humble, as referred to by the former U.S. Secretary of State and presidential candidate in her biography.[verification needed][6] Many of the President’s associates[who?] describe him as an intelligent, and fiercely guarded man with a no-nonsense attitude. One of the President’s foreign critics[who?] described him as an imposingly tall, intelligent and naturally austere individual.[7] While once revered in Eritrea, appearing to be austere and serious from a distance, but helpful and supportive to those he had met personally, his reputation has since undergone a transformation. Although he criticized other leaders during the African Unity summit in Cairo in 1993 for staying in power too long, and rejected a cult of personality, his former comrade Andebrhan Welde Giorgis says Isaias went on to personalise power, and "having personalised power he abused it to the maximum.[8]

Other Languages
العربية: أسياس أفورقي
brezhoneg: Isaias Afewerki
čeština: Isaias Afwerki
Esperanto: Isaias Afewerki
français: Isaias Afwerki
hrvatski: Isaias Afewerki
Bahasa Indonesia: Isaias Afewerki
íslenska: Isaias Afewerki
italiano: Isaias Afewerki
Basa Jawa: Isaias Afewerki
Nederlands: Isaias Afewerki
norsk nynorsk: Issaias Afewerki
português: Isaias Afewerki
Runa Simi: Isayas Afewerki
Simple English: Isaias Afewerki
slovenčina: Isaias Afwerki
српски / srpski: Исајас Афеверки
Türkçe: Isaias Afewerki
українська: Ісайяс Афеверкі
Tiếng Việt: Isaias Afewerki
Yorùbá: Isaias Afewerki