1st Governor of Kentucky In office June 4, 1792 – June 1, 1796 Preceded by Position established Succeeded by James Garrard 5th Governor of Kentucky In office August 24, 1812 – September 5, 1816 Lieutenant Richard Hickman Preceded by Charles Scott Succeeded by George Madison Personal details Born December 11, 1750 , Hagerstown Province of Maryland Died July 18, 1826 (aged 75) Lincoln County, Kentucky Political party Democratic-Republican Spouse(s) Susannah Hart Relations (son-in-law), Ephraim McDowell (son-in-law) Charles Stewart Todd Residence Traveler's Rest Profession , colonial militia officer, state militia officer, soldier , politician, state governor farmer Awards , Congressional Gold Medal Thanks of Congress Signature Military service Nickname(s) Old King's Mountain Allegiance , United Kingdom United States Service/branch , Virginia Colonial Militia , Kentucky Militia Continental Army Years of service 1774-1815 Rank Governor of Kentucky Commands company, Fincastle County , Virginia Colonial Militia , Kentucky Militia Overmountain Men Battles/wars Lord Dunmore's War American Revolutionary War War of 1812 Isaac Shelby (December 11, 1750 – July 18, 1826) was the and served in the state legislatures of first and fifth Governor of Kentucky and Virginia . He was also a soldier in North Carolina , the Lord Dunmore's War , and the American Revolutionary War . While governor, he led the War of 1812 militia in the Kentucky , an action that was rewarded with a Battle of the Thames . Counties in nine states, and several cities and military bases, have been named in his honor. His fondness for Congressional Gold Medal 's John Dickinson is believed to be the reason Kentucky adopted the state motto " The Liberty Song ". United we stand, divided we fall
Issac Shelby's military service began when he served as second-in-command to his father at the
, the only major battle of Battle of Point Pleasant . He gained the reputation of an expert woodsman and surveyor and spent the early part of the Revolutionary War gathering supplies for the Lord Dunmore's War . Later in the war, he and Continental Army led expeditions over the John Sevier against the Appalachian Mountains forces in North Carolina. He played a pivotal role in the British defeat at the British . For his service, Shelby was presented with a ceremonial sword and a pair of pistols by the Battle of King's Mountain , and the nickname "Old King's Mountain" followed him the rest of his life. North Carolina legislature
Following the war, Isaac Shelby relocated to Kentucky on
for his military service and became involved in Kentucky's transition from a lands awarded to him of Virginia to a separate county . His heroism made him popular with the state's citizens, and the Kentucky electoral college unanimously elected him governor in 1792. He secured Kentucky from state attacks and organized its first government. He used the Indian affair to convince the Citizen Genet administration to make an agreement with the Washington for free trade on the Spanish . Mississippi River
At the end of his gubernatorial term, Isaac Shelby retired from public life, but he was called back into politics by the impending
. Kentuckians urged Shelby to run for governor again and lead them through the anticipated conflict. He was elected easily and, at the request of General War of 1812 , commanded troops from Kentucky at the William Henry Harrison . After the war, he declined President Battle of the Thames 's offer to become James Monroe . In his last act of public service, Shelby and Secretary of War acted as commissioners to negotiate the Andrew Jackson from the Jackson Purchase Indian tribe. Isaac Shelby died at his estate in Chickasaw on July 18, 1826. Lincoln County, Kentucky
Isaac Shelby was born in the
on December 11, 1750, near Colony of Maryland in Hagerstown (now Frederick ) County. Washington  He was the third child and second son of  , who immigrated from Evan and Letitia (Cox) Shelby , Tregaron , in 1735. Wales Though the family had been loyal to the  , they became Church of England after coming to Presbyterians ; this was the denomination Isaac Shelby embraced during his life. British America
Shelby was educated at the local schools in his native colony.
He worked on his father's plantation and occasionally found work as a surveyor.  At age eighteen he was appointed  of Frederick County. deputy sheriff  Shelby's father lost a great deal of money when  disrupted his lucrative fur trade business, and two years later, the business' records were destroyed in a house fire. Pontiac's Rebellion Consequently, in December 1770 the family moved to the area near  , where they built a fort and a Bristol, Tennessee . trading post Here, Shelby and his father worked for three years herding cattle.