Isaac Asimov

Isaac Asimov
BornIsaak Azimov
c. January 2, 1920[a]
Petrovichi, Klimovichskiy Uyezd, Russian SFSR
DiedApril 6, 1992(1992-04-06) (aged 72)
Brooklyn, New York City, U.S.
OccupationWriter, professor of biochemistry
NationalityRussian (early years), American
Alma materColumbia University
GenreScience fiction (hard SF, social SF), mystery
SubjectPopular science, science textbooks, essays, literary criticism
Literary movementGolden Age of Science Fiction
Years active1939–1992

Scientific career
InstitutionsBoston University
The kinetics of the reaction inactivation of tyrosinase during its catalysis of the aerobic oxidation of catechol (1948)
Doctoral advisorCharles Reginald Dawson
Other academic advisorsRobert Elderfield (post-doctoral)

Isaac Asimov (v/;[b][c] c. January 2, 1920[a] – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University. He was known for his works of science fiction and popular science. Asimov was a prolific writer who wrote or edited more than 500 books and an estimated 90,000 letters and postcards.[d] His books have been published in 9 of the 10 major categories of the Dewey Decimal Classification.[1]

Asimov wrote hard science fiction. Along with Robert A. Heinlein and Arthur C. Clarke, Asimov was considered one of the "Big Three" science fiction writers during his lifetime.[2] Asimov's most famous work is the "Foundation" series;[3] his other major series are the "Galactic Empire" series and the Robot series. The Galactic Empire novels are set in earlier history of the same fictional universe as the Foundation series. Later, with Foundation and Earth (1986), he linked this distant future to the Robot stories, creating a unified "future history" for his stories much like those pioneered by Robert A. Heinlein and previously produced by Cordwainer Smith and Poul Anderson.[4] He also wrote hundreds of short stories, including the social science fiction novelette "Nightfall", which in 1964 was voted the best short science fiction story of all time by the Science Fiction Writers of America. Asimov wrote the Lucky Starr series of juvenile science-fiction novels using the pen name Paul French.[5]

Asimov also wrote mysteries and fantasy, as well as much nonfiction. Most of his popular science books explain concepts in a historical way, going as far back as possible to a time when the science in question was at its simplest stage. Examples include Guide to Science, the three-volume set Understanding Physics, and Asimov's Chronology of Science and Discovery. He wrote on numerous other scientific and non-scientific topics, such as chemistry, astronomy, mathematics, history, biblical exegesis, and literary criticism.

He was president of the American Humanist Association.[6] The asteroid 5020 Asimov,[7] a crater on the planet Mars,[8][9] a Brooklyn elementary school,[10] and a literary award are named in his honor.

Family name etymology

Asimov's family name derives from the first part of azimy khleb, meaning the winter grain (specifically rye) in which his great-great-great-grandfather dealt, with the Russian patronymic ending -ov added.[11] Azimov is spelled Азимов in the Cyrillic alphabet.[12] When the family arrived in the United States in 1923 and their name had to be spelled in the Latin alphabet, Asimov's father spelled it with an S, believing this letter to be pronounced like Z (as in German), and so it became Asimov.[12][c] This later inspired one of Asimov's short stories, "Spell My Name with an S."[13]

Asimov refused early suggestions of using a more common name as a pseudonym, and believed that its recognizability helped his career. After becoming famous, he often met readers who believed that "Isaac Asimov" was a distinctive pseudonym created by an author with a common name.[14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Isaac Asimov
العربية: إسحق عظيموف
aragonés: Isaac Asimov
armãneashti: Isaac Asimov
asturianu: Isaac Asimov
Aymar aru: Isaac Asimov
azərbaycanca: Ayzek Azimov
Bân-lâm-gú: Isaac Asimov
Basa Banyumasan: Isaac Asimov
башҡортса: Азимов Айзек
беларуская: Айзек Азімаў
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Айзэк Азімаў
български: Айзък Азимов
bosanski: Isaac Asimov
brezhoneg: Isaac Asimov
català: Isaac Asimov
čeština: Isaac Asimov
Cymraeg: Isaac Asimov
Deutsch: Isaac Asimov
Ελληνικά: Ισαάκ Ασίμωφ
español: Isaac Asimov
Esperanto: Isaac Asimov
euskara: Isaac Asimov
français: Isaac Asimov
Gaeilge: Isaac Asimov
galego: Isaac Asimov
հայերեն: Այզեկ Ազիմով
hrvatski: Isaac Asimov
Ilokano: Isaac Asimov
Bahasa Indonesia: Isaac Asimov
interlingua: Isaac Asimov
íslenska: Isaac Asimov
italiano: Isaac Asimov
Basa Jawa: Isaac Asimov
қазақша: Айзек Азимов
Kreyòl ayisyen: Isaac Asimov
kurdî: Isaac Asimov
Кыргызча: Айзек Азимов
Ladino: Isaac Asimov
Latina: Isaac Asimov
latviešu: Aizeks Azimovs
lietuvių: Isaac Asimov
magyar: Isaac Asimov
македонски: Исак Асимов
Malagasy: Isaac Asimov
მარგალური: აიზეკ აზიმოვი
Bahasa Melayu: Isaac Asimov
Mirandés: Isaac Asimov
Nāhuatl: Isaac Asimov
Nederlands: Isaac Asimov
norsk nynorsk: Isaac Asimov
occitan: Isaac Asimov
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Ayzek Azimov
Piemontèis: Isaac Asimov
polski: Isaac Asimov
português: Isaac Asimov
română: Isaac Asimov
Runa Simi: Isaac Asimov
русский: Азимов, Айзек
Simple English: Isaac Asimov
slovenčina: Isaac Asimov
slovenščina: Isaac Asimov
ślůnski: Isaac Asimov
српски / srpski: Ајзак Асимов
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Isaac Asimov
svenska: Isaac Asimov
Tagalog: Isaac Asimov
Türkçe: Isaac Asimov
українська: Айзек Азімов
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىسساك ئاسىموۋ
vèneto: Isaac Asimov
Tiếng Việt: Isaac Asimov
Winaray: Isaac Asimov
Yorùbá: Isaac Asimov
粵語: 阿西莫夫