|73,803 daily speakers in Ireland (2016)|
4,166 in Northern Ireland
Official language in
Proportion of respondents who said they could speak Irish in the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland censuses of 2011.
Irish (Gaeilge) is a
Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they brought it with them to other regions, notably
In An Caighdeán Oifigiúil (the official written standard) the name of the language — in the Irish language — is Gaeilge (Irish pronunciation:
Other forms of the name found in the various modern Irish dialects (in addition to south Connacht Gaeilge above) include Gaedhilic/Gaeilic/Gaeilig ([ˈɡeːlʲɪc]) or Gaedhlag ([ˈɡeːl̪ˠəɡ]) in
The name of the language — in the English language — is Irish, defined in the European Union as "the Celtic language of Ireland". The English-language term Gaelic is sometimes used outside Ireland to refer to the language but according to the European Union, "Contrary to certain usage, those two terms [Irish and Gaelic] are not synonymous" and it defines Gaelic as the "Celtic language group of Ireland and Scotland".