Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

This article is about the ongoing civil war in Iraq. For previous civil wars in Iraq, see Iraqi civil war (disambiguation). For other wars in Iraq, see Iraq War (disambiguation).
Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)
Part of the Arab Winter and the spillover of the Syrian Civil War
Iraq war map.png
Military situation in Iraq on 20 November 2016
  Controlled by the Iraqi Government and/or Shi'ite militias
  Controlled by the Kurdistan Regional Government
For a map of the current military situation of Iraqi insurgency, see here.
Date January 2014 – present
(3 years)
Location Iraq
Status
Main belligerents

  ISIL [1]


Political Council for the Iraqi Resistance[ citation needed]


Military Council of Anbar's Revolutionaries [3]


Ba'ath Party Loyalists

Iraqi government [1]

  Iran

  Syria [15]
(airstrikes, limited involvement)


Popular Mobilization Forces

Supported by:


Iraqi Turkmen Front

Supported by:


Iraqi Kurdistan [1]

TEV-DEM

PKK [34]

PJAK [35]

Sinjar Alliance

Assyrian forces

Commanders and leaders

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
(Leader of ISIL) [64]
Abu Fatima al-Jaheishi
(Deputy leader in Iraq) [65]


Izzat Ibrahim ad-Douri
Islamic Army of Iraq (emblem).png Ismail Jubouri
Abu Hashim al Ibrahim


Haider Al-Abadi (2014–present)
Fuad Masum (2014–present)
Nouri al-Maliki (2014–2015)
Babaker Shawkat B. Zebari (2014–2015)
Ahmad Abu Risha (2014–present)


Muqtada al-Sadr
Qais al-Khazali
Akram al-Kabi
Shiism arabic blue.svg Abu Mustafa al-Sheibani
Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis
Wathiq al-Battat  (POW) [70]


Massoud Barzani
Strength

Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant:


Ba'ath Party Loyalists

Iraqi Security Forces
600,000 (300,000 Army and 300,000 Police) [78]
Awakening Council militias - 30,000 [79]
Contractors ~7,000 [80] [81]
US Forces: 5,000 [82]
Canadian Forces: 600 [83]
French Forces: 500 [84]
British Forces: 500


Popular Mobilization Forces: 60,000-90,000 [85]

  • Badr Brigade: 10,000 [86]
  • Turkmen Brigades: 30,000 [87] [88]

Peshmerga: 200,000 [89] [90]
Casualties and losses
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL fighters:
22,632+ killed and 5,841 captured [91] [92] [93]

Iraqi security forces and militias:
14,460 killed and 13,399 wounded [a] [91] [94] [95]


Peshmerga fighters:
1,614 killed, 9,515 wounded and 60 missing or captured [96] [97]


CJTF–OIR:

  • 29 killed (24 non-hostile), 21 wounded [98]
  • 1 killed (non-hostile) [99]
  • 1 killed [100]
  • 1 dead [101]

18,802 civilians killed and 36,245 wounded
(UN figures, January 2014 – October 2015) [102]
37,497 civilians killed
(Iraq body count figures, January 2014 – February 2016) [103]
4,337,970 displaced (IOM Iraq figures, January 2014 – December 2016) [104] [105]


Total deaths: 53,361–72,056
(as of February 2016)
a Numbers since January 2014, include Peshmerga killed and wounded, and do not include ISF killed and wounded in the Al Anbar Governorate

The Iraqi Civil War is an ongoing armed conflict in the Middle East.

In 2014, the Iraqi insurgency escalated into a civil war with the conquest of Fallujah and Mosul and major areas in northern Iraq by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS). This has resulted in the forced resignation of the Prime Minister, Nouri al-Maliki, airstrikes by the United States, Iran, Syria, and at least a dozen other countries, [106] the participation of Iranian troops [107] and military aid provided to Iraq by Russia. [106]

Belligerents

Both the Iraqi armed forces, Kurdish peshmerga and various Turkmen Muslim, Assyrian Christian, Yezidi, Shabaki and Armenian Christian forces are facing the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Although some 35,000 Kurdish peshmerga are incorporated into the Iraqi armed forces, most peshmerga forces are operating under the command of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan in the Kurdish autonomous region of Iraq. [108] [109] [110] Assyrian Christian forces include; Syriac Military Council, Nineveh Plain Forces, Nineveh Plain Protection Units, Qaraqosh Protection Committee and Dwekh Nawsha among others.