Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)

Iraqi Civil War (2014–present)
Part of the Iraqi conflict, the Arab Winter, and the spillover of the Syrian Civil War
Al Nouri Mosque.jpg
The Great Mosque of al-Nuri after being blown up by ISIL during the Battle of Mosul
(For a map of the current military situation in Iraq, see here.)
Date1 January 2014[19][20] – present
(4 years, 5 months, 2 weeks and 4 days)
LocationIraq
Status

Ongoing

Main belligerents

 Iraq[1]

Allied groups:

 Iran
Hezbollah
 Syria (2014)[2]


Iraqi Kurdistan[1]

Kurdish National Council[3]
Sinjar Alliance
PKK[4]
Democratic Federation of Northern Syria Rojava[4]


Seal of Combined Joint Task Force – Operation Inherent Resolve.svg CJTF–OIR
 United States
 United Kingdom
 Australia[5]
 France
 Jordan
 Kuwait
 Netherlands
 Belgium (2014–17)
 Turkey (2014–17)
 Canada (2014–16)[6]
 Denmark (2014–16)[7]
 Morocco (2014–16)

 ISIL[1]


Other anti-government groups

Commanders and leaders

Haider Al-Abadi
Fuad Masum
Nouri al-Maliki (2014–2015)
Babaker Shawkat B. Zebari (2014–2015)
Ahmad Abu Risha


Muqtada al-Sadr
Qais al-Khazali
Akram al-Kabi
Shiism arabic blue.svg Abu Mustafa al-Sheibani
Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis
Wathiq al-Battat (POW)[24]


Massoud Barzani

Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi
(Leader of ISIL)[25]
Abu Fatima al-Jaheishi
(Deputy leader in Iraq)[26]


Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri
Strength

Iraqi security forces
600,000 (300,000 Army and 300,000 Police)[31]
Awakening Council militias – 30,000[32]
Contractors ~7,000[33][34]
US Forces: 5,000[35]
Canadian Forces: 600[36]
French Forces: 500[37]
British Forces: 500


Popular Mobilization Forces: 60,000–90,000[38]


Peshmerga: 200,000[42][43]

 ISIL:


Ba'ath Party Loyalists

Casualties and losses

Iraqi security forces and militias:
34,000+ killed

Peshmerga fighters:[54]
1,837 killed
10,546 wounded
62 missing or captured

Flag of Kurdistan Workers' Party.svg Kurdistan Workers' Party:
180 killed (2014–Jan. 2016)[55]

IRGC:
42 killed[56]

CJTF–OIR:

  • 57 killed (44 non-hostile), 58 wounded[57]
  • 1 killed (non-hostile)[58]
  • 1 killed[59]
  • 1 killed[60]
  • 1 killed (non-hostile)[61]
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant ISIL fighters:
55,000+ killed and 5,841 captured[62][63][64]

29,470 civilians killed and 54,111 wounded
(UN figures, January 2014 – August 2017)[65]
67,376 civilians killed
(Iraq body count figures, January 2014 – December 2017)[66]
5,625,024 displaced (IOM Iraq figures, January 2014 – December 2017)[67][68]


Total deaths: 90,583–128,489
(as of December 2017)

The Iraqi Civil War is an armed conflict which began in January 2014. In 2014, the Iraqi insurgency escalated into a civil war with the conquest of Fallujah, Mosul, Tikrit and in the major areas of northern Iraq by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS or IS). This resulted in the forced resignation of Iraqi Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki, as well as airstrikes by the United States, Iran, Syria, and at least a dozen other countries,[69] the participation of Iranian troops[70] and military and logistical aid provided to Iraq by Russia.[69] On 9 December 2017, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi announced victory over ISIL,[71] though others warned that they expected ISIL to fight on via an insurgency, and by other means.[72][73][74]

Belligerents

Both the Iraqi Armed Forces, Kurdish Peshmerga and various Turkmen Muslim, Assyrian Christian, Yezidi, Shabaki, and Armenian Christian forces are facing the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. Although some 35,000 Kurdish Peshmerga are incorporated into the Iraqi Armed Forces, most Peshmerga forces are operating under the command of the President of Iraqi Kurdistan in the Kurdish autonomous region of Iraq.[75][76][77] Assyrian forces include: Syriac Military Council,[78] Nineveh Plain Forces,[79] Nineveh Plain Protection Units,[80] Qaraqosh Protection Committee,[81] and Dwekh Nawsha,.[82]

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