|Date||7 January 1978 – 11 February 1979|
|Goals||Overthrow of the
|Parties to the civil conflict|
|2,781 killed in demonstrations during 1978–79  |
|History of the
The Iranian Revolution (
Demonstrations against the Shah commenced in October 1977, developing into a campaign of
The revolution was unusual for the surprise it created throughout the world:
 it lacked many of the customary causes of revolution (defeat at war, a
Reasons advanced for the occurrence of the revolution and its
The Shah's regime became increasingly oppressive, brutal,
 corrupt, and extravagant.
 It also suffered from basic functional failures that brought economic bottlenecks, shortages, and inflation.
 The Shah was perceived by many as beholden to – if not a puppet of – a non-Muslim Western power (the United States)
 whose culture was affecting that of Iran. At the same time, support for the Shah may have waned among Western politicians and media – especially under
The revolution that replaced the monarchy of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi with