International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee
Comité International Olympique
Olympic rings without rims.svg
Formation23 June 1894; 125 years ago (1894-06-23)
TypeSports federation
HeadquartersLausanne, Switzerland
Membership
105 active members, 45 honorary members, 2 honour members (Senegal and United States), 206 individual National Olympic Committees
Official language
French (reference language), English, and the host country's language when necessary
Honorary President
Belgium Jacques Rogge[1]
Germany Thomas Bach[1]
Vice Presidents
China Yu Zaiqing
Spain Juan Antonio Samaranch
Turkey Uğur Erdener
United States Anita DeFrantz[1]
Director General
Belgium www.olympic.org
Motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius
(Latin: Faster, higher, stronger)

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité international olympique, CIO) is a non-governmental sports organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Summer and Winter Olympic Games.[2]

The IOC is the governing body of the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), which are the national constituents of the worldwide Olympic Movement. As of 2016, there are 206 NOCs officially recognised by the IOC. The current president of the IOC is Thomas Bach of Germany, who succeeded Jacques Rogge of Belgium in September 2013.[3]

History

The IOC was created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president. As of April 2019, its membership consists of 95 active members, 44 honorary members, an honorary president (Jacques Rogge) and two honour members (Henry Kissinger and Youssoupha Ndiaye).[4] The IOC is the supreme authority of the worldwide modern Olympic Movement.

The IOC organises the modern Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games (YOG), held in summer and winter, every four years. The first Summer Olympics was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896; the first Winter Olympics was in Chamonix, France, in 1924. The first Summer YOG were in Singapore in 2010 and the first Winter YOG in Innsbruck were in 2012.

Until 1992, both Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. After that year, however, the IOC shifted the Winter Olympics to the even years between Summer Games, to help space the planning of the two events from one another, and improve the financial balance of the IOC, which receives a proportionally greater income in Olympic years.

In 2009, the UN General Assembly granted the IOC Permanent Observer status. The decision enables the IOC to be directly involved in the UN Agenda and to attend UN General Assembly meetings where it can take the floor. In 1993, the General Assembly approved a Resolution to further solidify IOC–UN cooperation by reviving the Olympic Truce.[5]

During each proclamation at the Olympics, announcers speak in different languages: French is always spoken first, followed by an English translation, and then the dominant language of the host nation (when this is not English or French).

The IOC received approval in November 2015 to construct a new headquarters in Vidy, Lausanne. The cost of the project was estimated to stand at $156m.[6] The IOC announced on 11 February 2019 that "Olympic House" would be inaugurated on 23 June 2019 to coincide with its 125th anniversary.[7] The Olympic Museum remains in Ouchy, Lausanne.[8]

Other Languages
Basa Banyumasan: IOC
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Міжнародны алімпійскі камітэт
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xalqaro olimpiada qoʻmitasi
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Međunarodni olimpijski komitet