International Olympic Committee

International Olympic Committee
Comité International Olympique
Olympic rings without rims.svg
Formation23 June 1894; 124 years ago (1894-06-23)
TypeSports federation
HeadquartersLausanne, Switzerland
Membership
105 active members, 32 honorary members, 2 honour members (Senegal and United States)
Official language
French (reference language), English, and the host country's language when necessary
Honorary President
Belgium Jacques Rogge[1]
Germany Thomas Bach[1]
Vice Presidents
China Yu Zaiqing
Spain J.A. Samaranch, Jr.
Turkey Uğur Erdener
United States Anita DeFrantz[1]
Websitewww.olympic.org
Motto: Citius, Altius, Fortius
(Latin: Faster, higher, stronger)

The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland. Created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas in 1894, it is the authority responsible for organising the modern Olympic Games.[2]

The IOC is the controlling body for the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), which are the national constituents of the worldwide Olympic Movement. As of 2016, there are 206 NOCs officially recognised by the IOC. IOC is an United Nations Observer of Olympic Truce.[3][4]

History

The IOC was created by Pierre de Coubertin, on 23 June 1894 with Demetrios Vikelas as its first president. As of June 2017, its membership consists of 95 active members, 41 honorary members, an honorary president (Jacques Rogge) and one honour member (Henry Kissinger).[5] The IOC is the supreme authority of the worldwide modern Olympic movement.

The IOC organises the modern Olympic Games and Youth Olympic Games, held in summer and winter, every four years. The first Summer Olympics organised by the IOC was held in Athens, Greece, in 1896; the first Winter Olympics was in Chamonix, France, in 1924. Until 1992, both Summer and Winter Olympics were held in the same year. After that year, however, the IOC shifted the Winter Olympics to the even years between Summer Games, to help space the planning of the two events from one another, and improve the financial balance of the IOC, which receives greater income on Olympic years. The first Summer Youth Olympics were in Singapore in 2010 and the first Winter Youth Olympics were held in Innsbruck in 2012.

In 2009, the UN General Assembly granted the IOC Permanent Observer status. This decision enables the IOC to be directly involved in the UN Agenda and to attend UN General Assembly meetings where it can take the floor. This has provided the possibility to promote sport at a new level. In addition, in 1993, the UN General Assembly approved a Resolution that further solidified IOC–UN cooperation with the decision to revive the Olympic Truce, by adopting a Resolution entitled "Building a peaceful and better world through sport and the Olympic ideal," which calls upon Member States to observe the Olympic Truce before every iteration of the Olympic Games, and to cooperate with the IOC and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) in their efforts to use sport as a tool to promote peace, dialogue and reconciliation in areas of conflict during and beyond the period of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.[6]

During each proclamation at the Olympics, announcers speak in different languages: French is always spoken first, followed by an English translation, and then the dominant language of the host nation (when this is not English or French).

Other Languages
Basa Banyumasan: IOC
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Міжнародны алімпійскі камітэт
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xalqaro Olimpiya Qoʻmitasi
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Međunarodni olimpijski komitet