International Cricket Council
Official logo of the ICC
Imperial Cricket Conference(1909-65)International Cricket Conference (1965-89)
|Formation||15 June 1909|
The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the global
The ICC has 103 members: 12
The ICC does not control bilateral fixtures between member countries (which include all
On 30th November 1907, Abe Bailey, the President of South African Cricket Association, wrote a letter to the Marylebone Cricket Club's (MCC, England) secretary, F.E Lacey. Bailey suggested the formation of an 'Imperial Cricket Board'. In the letter, he suggested that the board would be responsible for formulation of rules and regulations which will govern the international matches between the three members; Australia, England and South Africa. Bailey, wanted to host a Triangular Test series between the participant countries in South Africa. Australia rejected the offer. However, Bailey did not lose hope. He saw an opportunity of getting the three members together during the Australia's tour of England in 1909. After continued lobbying and efforts, Bailey was successful. 
On 15th June 1909, representatives from
In 1964, the ICC agreed upon including the non - Test playing countries. The following year, the ICC changed it's name to the International Cricket Conference. Under the new type of membership, the Associate. USA, Ceylon and Fiji were admitted.
In 1966, Denmark, Bermuda, Netherlands, and East Africa were admitted as Associate. South Africa had still not applied to rejoin the ICC.
In 1969, the basic rules of ICC were amended.
In 1971 meeting, the idea of organizing a World Cup was introduced. In 1973 meeting, it was decided that a World Cup will be played in 1975 in England. The six Test playing nations and East Africa and Sri Lanka were invited to take part.
New members were added regularly during this period:
In 1974, Argentina, Israel and Singapore were admitted as Associate.
In 1976, West Africa was admitted as Associate.
In 1977, Bangladesh was admitted as Associate.
In 1978, Papua-New Guinea was admitted as Associate. South Africa applied to rejoin, however their application was rejected.
In 1981, Sri-Lanka was promoted to being a Full Member. They played their first Test in 1982.
In 1984, the third type of membership; Affiliate category of membership was added to the ICC. Italy was the first member, followed by Switzerland in 1985. In 1987, Bahamas and France were admitted, followed by Nepal in 1988.
In the July meeting of 1989, the ICC renamed itself to the International Cricket Council and the trend of the MCC President automatically becoming the Chairman of ICC was terminated.
In 1990, UAE joined as an associate.
In 1991, for the first time in ICC history the meeting was held away from England - in Melbourne. South Africa was re-elected as a Full Member of the ICC in July, after the end of
In 1993, the Chief Executive of ICC was created with Sir David Richards of the Australian Cricket Board the first person appointed to the position. In July, Sir Clyde Walcott, from Barbados, was elected as the first non-British Chairman. The emergence of new technology saw the introduction of a
By 1995, TV replays were made available for run outs and stumpings in Test matches with the third umpire required to signal out or not out with red and green lights respectively. The following year, the cameras were used to determine if the ball had crossed the boundary, and in 1997 decisions on the cleanness of catches could be referred to the third umpire. This year also saw the introduction of the
In 2005, ICC moved its new headquarters in Dubai.