the international congress of mathematicians (icm) is the largest conference for the topic of mathematics. it meets once every four years, hosted by the international mathematical union (imu).
the fields medals, the nevanlinna prize, the gauss prize, and the chern medal are awarded during the congress's opening ceremony. each congress is memorialized by a printed set of proceedings recording academic papers based on invited talks intended to be relevant to current topics of general interest. being invited to talk at the icm has been called "the equivalent [...] of an induction to a hall of fame."