In epidemiology, infectivity is the ability of a pathogen to establish an infection. More specifically, infectivity is a pathogen's capacity for horizontal transmission that is, how frequently it spreads among hosts that are not in a parent-child relationship. The measure of infectivity in a population is called incidence.

Infectivity has been shown to positively correlate with virulence. This means that as a pathogen's ability to infect a greater number of hosts increases, so does the level of harm it brings to the host.[1]

A pathogen's infectivity is subtly but importantly different from its transmissibility, which refers to a pathogen's capacity to pass from parent to child.

See also

Other Languages
español: Infectividad
Esperanto: Infektebleco
한국어: 감염력
italiano: Infettività
Nederlands: Besmettelijkheid
日本語: 感染力
norsk nynorsk: Infektivitet
polski: Zakaźność
slovenščina: Kužnost
Türkçe: Bulaşıcılık