1886 map of Indochina, from the Scottish Geographical Magazine

Indochina, originally Indo-China, is a geographical term originating in the early nineteenth century and referring to the continental portion of the region now known as Southeast Asia. The name refers to the lands historically within the cultural influence of India and China, and physically bound by the Indian Subcontinent in the west and China in the north. It corresponds to the present-day areas of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, and (variably) peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. The term was later adopted as the name of the colony of French Indochina (today's Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos), and the entire area of Indochina is now usually referred to as the Indochinese Peninsula or Mainland Southeast Asia.


The origins of the name Indo-China are usually attributed jointly to the Danish-French geographer Conrad Malte-Brun, who referred to the area as indo-chinois in 1804, and the Scottish linguist John Leyden, who used the term Indo-Chinese to describe the area's inhabitants and their languages in 1808.[1] Scholarly opinions at the time regarding China's and India's historical influence over the area were conflicting, and the term was itself controversial—Malte-Brun himself later argued against its use in a later edition of his Universal Geography, reasoning that it over-emphasized Chinese influence, and suggested Chin-India instead.[2] Nevertheless, Indo-China had already gained traction and soon supplanted alternative terms such as Further India and the Peninsula beyond the Ganges. Later, however, as the French established the colony of French Indochina, use of the term became more restricted to the French colony,[3] and today the area is usually referred to as Mainland Southeast Asia.[4]

Other Languages
Acèh: Indôchina
Afrikaans: Indo-China
asturianu: Indochina
Avañe'ẽ: Indochina
azərbaycanca: Hind-Çin
বাংলা: ইন্দোচীন
Bân-lâm-gú: Ìn-tō͘-chi-ná
башҡортса: Һинд-Ҡытай
беларуская: Індакітай
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Індакітай
Bikol Central: Indotsina
български: Индокитай
Boarisch: Indochina
bosanski: Indokina
brezhoneg: Indez-Sina
català: Indoxina
Чӑвашла: Индокитай
čeština: Indočína
Cymraeg: Indo-Tsieina
dansk: Indokina
Deutsch: Indochina
Ελληνικά: Ινδοκίνα
español: Indochina
Esperanto: Hindoĉinio
euskara: Indotxina
فارسی: هندوچین
français: Indochine
Frysk: Yndo-Sina
Gaeilge: An Ind-Sín
galego: Indochina
Հայերեն: Հնդկաչին
हिन्दी: इंडोचायना
hrvatski: Indokina
Ilokano: Indotsina
Bahasa Indonesia: Indochina
íslenska: Indókína
italiano: Indocina
עברית: הודו-סין
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಇಂಡೋ - ಚೀನ
ქართული: ინდოჩინეთი
Kiswahili: Indochina
Кыргызча: Индикытай
magyar: Indokína
македонски: Индокина
മലയാളം: ഇന്തോ-ചൈന
მარგალური: ინდოჩინეთი
Bahasa Melayu: Indochina
Nederlands: Indochina
нохчийн: ХӀиндоций
norsk: Indokina
occitan: Indochina
پنجابی: ہند چینی
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ឥណ្ឌូចិន
polski: Indochiny
português: Indochina
română: Indochina
русский: Индокитай
Simple English: Indochina
slovenčina: Indočína
slovenščina: Indokina
српски / srpski: Indokina
suomi: Indokiina
svenska: Indokina
Tagalog: Indotsina
Türkçe: Hindiçin
українська: Індокитай
اردو: ہندچین
文言: 中南半島
Winaray: Indotsina
粵語: 中南半島
中文: 中南半島