The origins of the name Indo-China are usually attributed jointly to the Danish-French geographer
Conrad Malte-Brun, who referred to the area as indo-chinois in 1804, and the Scottish linguist
John Leyden, who used the term Indo-Chinese to describe the area's inhabitants and their languages in 1808.
 Scholarly opinions at the time regarding China's and India's historical influence over the area were conflicting, and the term was itself controversial—Malte-Brun himself later argued against its use in a later edition of his Universal Geography, reasoning that it over-emphasized Chinese influence, and suggested Chin-India instead.
 Nevertheless, Indo-China had already gained traction and soon supplanted alternative terms such as
Further India and the Peninsula beyond the Ganges. Later, though, as the French established the colony of French Indochina, use of the term became more restricted to the French colony,
 and today the area is usually referred to as Mainland Southeast Asia.