Indian campaign of Ahmad Shah Durrani

Ahmad Shah Durrani raided India for seven times between 1748 and 1767. After the assassination of Nadir Shah, Ahmad Shah Durrani succeeded the throne of Afghanistan and started plundering wealth from nearby regions. He was the greatest antagonist of Sikhs. His repeated incursions destroyed the Mughal empire and at Panipat, dealt a major blow to Maratha pretensions in the North and created a power vacuum. The raids stopped when he returned to Afghanistan. His objectives were met through the raids (taking the wealth and destroying sacred places belonging to the Indians) and causing political issues in India.

Objectives of his Indian invasions

The reasons for his invasions to India were:

1) the primary object of his invasion was to plunder India's wealth. India, at that time, was known for its wealth, particularly its gold and precious diamonds.

2) Like Muhammad of Ghor, the object of his invasions was to establish political hegemony in India as he was quite familiar with the weak Mughal administration of Delhi.

Both objectives were met through the raids (taking the wealth and destroying sacred places belonging to the Indians) and causing political issues in India. [1]

Other Languages