Impressionism

Claude Monet, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), 1872, oil on canvas, Musée Marmottan Monet, Paris. This painting became the source of the movement's name, after Louis Leroy's article The Exhibition of the Impressionists satirically implied that the painting was at most, a sketch.

Impressionism is a 19th-century art movement characterised by relatively small, thin, yet visible brush strokes, open composition, emphasis on accurate depiction of light in its changing qualities (often accentuating the effects of the passage of time), ordinary subject matter, inclusion of movement as a crucial element of human perception and experience, and unusual visual angles. Impressionism originated with a group of Paris-based artists whose independent exhibitions brought them to prominence during the 1870s and 1880s.

The Impressionists faced harsh opposition from the conventional art community in France. The name of the style derives from the title of a Claude Monet work, Impression, soleil levant (Impression, Sunrise), which provoked the critic Louis Leroy to coin the term in a satirical review published in the Parisian newspaper Le Charivari.

The development of Impressionism in the visual arts was soon followed by analogous styles in other media that became known as impressionist music and impressionist literature.

Overview

Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Dance at Le Moulin de la Galette (Bal du moulin de la Galette), Musée d'Orsay, 1876

Radicals in their time, early Impressionists violated the rules of academic painting. They constructed their pictures from freely brushed colours that took precedence over lines and contours, following the example of painters such as Eugène Delacroix and J. M. W. Turner. They also painted realistic scenes of modern life, and often painted outdoors. Previously, still lifes and portraits as well as landscapes were usually painted in a studio.[1] The Impressionists found that they could capture the momentary and transient effects of sunlight by painting outdoors or en plein air. They portrayed overall visual effects instead of details, and used short "broken" brush strokes of mixed and pure unmixed colour—not blended smoothly or shaded, as was customary—to achieve an effect of intense colour vibration.

Impressionism emerged in France at the same time that a number of other painters, including the Italian artists known as the Macchiaioli, and Winslow Homer in the United States, were also exploring plein-air painting. The Impressionists, however, developed new techniques specific to the style. Encompassing what its adherents argued was a different way of seeing, it is an art of immediacy and movement, of candid poses and compositions, of the play of light expressed in a bright and varied use of colour.

The public, at first hostile, gradually came to believe that the Impressionists had captured a fresh and original vision, even if the art critics and art establishment disapproved of the new style.

By recreating the sensation in the eye that views the subject, rather than delineating the details of the subject, and by creating a welter of techniques and forms, Impressionism is a precursor of various painting styles, including Neo-Impressionism, Post-Impressionism, Fauvism, and Cubism.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Impressionisme
Alemannisch: Impressionismus
العربية: انطباعية
asturianu: Impresionismu
azərbaycanca: İmpressionizm
Bân-lâm-gú: Ìn-siōng-phài
беларуская: Імпрэсіянізм
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Імпрэсіянізм
български: Импресионизъм
bosanski: Impresionizam
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Esperanto: Impresionismo
euskara: Inpresionismo
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हिन्दी: प्रभाववाद
hrvatski: Impresionizam
Bahasa Indonesia: Impresionisme
italiano: Impressionismo
kaszëbsczi: Jimpresjonizm
Кыргызча: Импрессионизм
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македонски: Импресионизам
Bahasa Melayu: Impresionisme
Nederlands: Impressionisme
Nedersaksies: Impressionisme
नेपाली: प्रभाववाद
日本語: 印象派
norsk nynorsk: Impresjonisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Impressionizm
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪ੍ਰਭਾਵਵਾਦ
پنجابی: امپریشنزم
Piemontèis: Impressionism
português: Impressionismo
română: Impresionism
Seeltersk: Impressionismus
sicilianu: Mprissiunismu
Simple English: Impressionism
slovenčina: Impresionizmus
slovenščina: Impresionizem
српски / srpski: Импресионизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Impresionizam
татарча/tatarça: İmpressionizm
Türkçe: İzlenimcilik
Türkmençe: Impressionizm
українська: Імпресіонізм
اردو: تاثریت
中文: 印象派