Ilyushin Il-14

Il-14
Aeroflot Ilyushin Il-14 at Arlanda, November 1970.jpg
Il-14G of Aeroflot at Arlanda Airport in 1970
RoleAirliner
National originSoviet Union
ManufacturerIlyushin
First flight1 October 1950
Introduction1954 (Aeroflot)
Retired1998 (Vietnamese Air Force)
1998 (Syrian Air Force)
2005 (Russian CAA)
StatusRetired
Primary usersSoviet Air Force
Aeroflot
Egyptian Air Force
Number built1,348
Developed fromIlyushin Il-12

The Ilyushin Il-14 (NATO reporting name: Crate) was a Soviet twin-engine commercial and military personnel and cargo transport aircraft that first flew in 1950, and entered service in 1954. Il-14 was also manufactured in East Germany by VVB Flugzeugbau, in Czechoslovakia as the Avia 14. The Ilyushin Il-14 was typically replaced by the Antonov An-24 and Yakovlev Yak-40.

Design and development

The Il-14 was developed as a replacement for the widespread Douglas DC-3 and its Soviet built version, the Lisunov Li-2. A development of the earlier Ilyushin Il-12, (that first flew in 1945[1]), the Il-14 was intended for use in both military and civil applications. The Il-12 had major problems with poor engine-out behaviour. Also, it had less payload capability than was originally planned (although the Il-12 was intended to carry 32 passengers, in service it only carried 18, which was uneconomical).[1]

An Avia 14T of CSA displayed at the 1957 Paris Air Show

The development into the Il-14 was a vast improvement over the Il-12, with a new wing and a broader tailfin. It was powered by two 1,400 kW (1,900 hp) Shvetsov ASh-82T-7 radial piston engines. These changes greatly improved aerodynamic performance in engine-out conditions.[1][dubious ]

Total production of the Il-14 was 1,345 aircraft: 1,065 in Moscow (Moscow Machinery Plant Nr.30) from 1956 to 1958 and Tashkent (Factory Nr.84) from 1954 to 1958. Licensed production of 80 in East Germany by VEB Flugzeugwerke Dresden (FWD) from 1956 to 1959 and 203 in Czechoslovakia by Avia, Prague, from 1956 to 1960. It was rugged and reliable, and thus was widely used in rural areas with poor quality airfields.

The type was also used by the East German aircraft industry as a test aircraft for the horizontal stabilizer of the Baade 152.

Other Languages
български: Ил-14
čeština: Iljušin Il-14
Ελληνικά: Ilyushin Il-14
español: Ilyushin Il-14
français: Iliouchine Il-14
한국어: 일류신 Il-14
Bahasa Indonesia: Ilyushin Il-14
italiano: Ilyushin Il-14
lietuvių: Iljušin Il-14
magyar: Il–14
монгол: Ил-14
Nederlands: Iljoesjin Il-14
polski: Ił-14
português: Ilyushin Il-14
русский: Ил-14
Simple English: Ilyushin Il-14
slovenčina: Iliušin Il-14
slovenščina: Iljušin Il-14
српски / srpski: Иљушин Ил-14
Türkçe: İlyuşin Il-14
українська: Іл-14
Tiếng Việt: Ilyushin Il-14
中文: 伊尔-14