Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei

His Eminence
Ignatius Pin-Mei Kung
Servant of God
Bishop of Shanghai
Bishop Kung 1949.jpg
1949.
DioceseShanghai
SeeShanghai
Appointed15 July 1950
Installed1950
Term ended12 March 2000
SuccessorJoseph Fan Zhongliang
Other posts
Orders
Ordination28 May 1930
Consecration7 October 1949
by Antonio Riberi
Created cardinal

by Pope John Paul II
RankCardinal-Priest
Personal details
Birth nameIgnatius Kung Pin-Mei
Born(1901-08-02)2 August 1901
Shanghai, Qing China
Died12 March 2000(2000-03-12) (aged 98)
Stamford, Connecticut, United States of America
BuriedSanta Clara Mission Cemetery, Santa Clara, California
NationalityChinese
Styles of
Ignatius Kung
External Ornaments of a Cardinal Bishop.svg
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeShanghai

Ignatius Kung Pin-Mei (simplified Chinese: 龚品梅; traditional Chinese: 龔品梅; pinyin: Gōng Pǐnméi; Wade–Giles: Kung P'in-mei; 2 August 1901 – 12 March 2000) was the Catholic Bishop of Shanghai, China, from 1950 until his death in 2000. He spent 30 years in Chinese prisons for defying attempts by China's Communist government to control Catholics in the country through the government-approved Chinese Patriotic Catholic Association.

Biography

On September 8, 1955, Cardinal Kung, along with several hundred priests and church leaders, was arrested and imprisoned. He was sentenced five years later to life imprisonment for counter-revolutionary activities.[1]

Kung was secretly named a Cardinal in pectore in the consistory of 1979 by Pope John Paul II. The formula in pectore is used when a pope names a cardinal without announcing it publicly in order to protect the safety of the cardinal and his congregation. After he was released in 1986, he was kept under house arrest until 1988. Kung learned he was a cardinal during a private meeting with the Pope in Vatican City in 1988, and his membership in the College of Cardinals was made public in 1991.[2][3] By then, he had reached 80, so he did not have the right to participate in a conclave.

He died in 2000, aged 98, from stomach cancer in Stamford, Connecticut. His funeral was held at St. John the Evangelist Church (now the Basilica of Saint John the Evangelist) in Stamford with Cardinal James Francis Stafford, President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, presiding. Kung's body was then transported to Star of the Sea Church in San Francisco, California, for a Low Mass with Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi of Taiwan presiding. A requiem Pontifical High Mass using the Tridentine Liturgy in Latin was said the following day at Five Wounds Parish in San Jose, California, with Cardinal Shan again presiding. Kung is interred next to Dominic Tang, S.J. (Archbishop of Canton, China) at Santa Clara Mission Cemetery in Santa Clara, California.[4]