Icelandic language

  • icelandic
    íslenska
    pronunciation['istlɛnska]
    native toiceland
    ethnicityicelanders
    native speakers
    314,000 (2015)[1]
    language family
    indo-european
    • germanic
      • north germanic
        • west scandinavian
          • insular scandinavian
            • icelandic
    early forms
    old norse
    • old west norse
      • old icelandic
    writing system
    latin (icelandic alphabet)
    icelandic braille
    official status
    official language in
     iceland
    regulated byÁrni magnússon institute for icelandic studies in an advisory capacity
    language codes
    is
    isl (t)
    iso 639-3isl
    icel1247[2]
    linguasphere52-aaa-aa
    idioma islandés.png
      regions where icelandic is the language of the majority
    this article contains ipa phonetic symbols. without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of unicode characters. for an introductory guide on ipa symbols, see help:ipa.

    icelandic (k/ (about this soundlisten); icelandic: íslenska pronounced [ˈistlɛnska] (about this soundlisten)) is a north germanic language spoken by about 314,000 people, the vast majority of whom live in iceland where it is the national language.[1] it is most closely related to faroese and western norwegian.

    the language is more conservative than most other western european languages. while most of them have greatly reduced levels of inflection (particularly noun declension), icelandic retains a four-case synthetic grammar (comparable to german, though considerably more conservative and synthetic) and is distinguished by a wide assortment of irregular declensions. since the written language has not changed much, icelanders are able to read classic old norse literature created in the 10th through 13th centuries (such as the eddas and sagas) with relative ease.

    icelandic is closely related to, but not mutually intelligible when spoken with, the faroese language whereas the written forms of the two languages are very similar.[3] it is not mutually intelligible with the continental scandinavian languages, and is farther away from the most widely spoken germanic languages english and german than those three are.

    aside from the 300,000 icelandic speakers in iceland, it is spoken by about 8,000 people in denmark,[4] 5,000 people in the united states,[5] and more than 1,400 people in canada,[6] notably in the region known as new iceland in manitoba which was settled by icelanders beginning in the 1880s.

    the state-funded Árni magnússon institute for icelandic studies serves as a centre for preserving the medieval icelandic manuscripts and studying the language and its literature. the icelandic language council, comprising representatives of universities, the arts, journalists, teachers, and the ministry of culture, science and education, advises the authorities on language policy. since 1995, on 16 november each year, the birthday of 19th-century poet jónas hallgrímsson is celebrated as icelandic language day.[7][8]

  • history
  • legal status and recognition
  • phonology
  • grammar
  • vocabulary
  • writing system
  • cognates with english
  • see also
  • references
  • bibliography
  • further reading
  • external links

Icelandic
íslenska
Pronunciation['istlɛnska]
Native toIceland
EthnicityIcelanders
Native speakers
314,000 (2015)[1]
Early forms
Latin (Icelandic alphabet)
Icelandic Braille
Official status
Official language in
 Iceland
Regulated byÁrni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies in an advisory capacity
Language codes
is
isl (T)
ISO 639-3isl
icel1247[2]
Linguasphere52-AAA-aa
Idioma islandés.PNG
  Regions where Icelandic is the language of the majority
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Icelandic (k/ (About this soundlisten); Icelandic: íslenska pronounced [ˈistlɛnska] (About this soundlisten)) is a North Germanic language spoken by about 314,000 people, the vast majority of whom live in Iceland where it is the national language.[1] It is most closely related to Faroese and Western Norwegian.

The language is more conservative than most other Western European languages. While most of them have greatly reduced levels of inflection (particularly noun declension), Icelandic retains a four-case synthetic grammar (comparable to German, though considerably more conservative and synthetic) and is distinguished by a wide assortment of irregular declensions. Since the written language has not changed much, Icelanders are able to read classic Old Norse literature created in the 10th through 13th centuries (such as the Eddas and sagas) with relative ease.

Icelandic is closely related to, but not mutually intelligible when spoken with, the Faroese language whereas the written forms of the two languages are very similar.[3] It is not mutually intelligible with the continental Scandinavian languages, and is farther away from the most widely spoken Germanic languages English and German than those three are.

Aside from the 300,000 Icelandic speakers in Iceland, it is spoken by about 8,000 people in Denmark,[4] 5,000 people in the United States,[5] and more than 1,400 people in Canada,[6] notably in the region known as New Iceland in Manitoba which was settled by Icelanders beginning in the 1880s.

The state-funded Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies serves as a centre for preserving the medieval Icelandic manuscripts and studying the language and its literature. The Icelandic Language Council, comprising representatives of universities, the arts, journalists, teachers, and the Ministry of Culture, Science and Education, advises the authorities on language policy. Since 1995, on 16 November each year, the birthday of 19th-century poet Jónas Hallgrímsson is celebrated as Icelandic Language Day.[7][8]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Ислэндбзэ
Afrikaans: Yslands
አማርኛ: አይስላንድኛ
aragonés: Idioma islandés
asturianu: Idioma islandés
azərbaycanca: İsland dili
تۆرکجه: ایسلند دیلی
Bân-lâm-gú: Peng-tó-gí
беларуская: Ісландская мова
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ісьляндзкая мова
български: Исландски език
Boarisch: Isländisch
bosanski: Islandski jezik
brezhoneg: Islandeg
català: Islandès
Чӑвашла: Исланд чĕлхи
čeština: Islandština
Cymraeg: Islandeg
davvisámegiella: Islánddagiella
dolnoserbski: Islandšćina
Esperanto: Islanda lingvo
estremeñu: Luenga islandesa
euskara: Islandiera
Fiji Hindi: Icelandic language
føroyskt: Íslendskt mál
français: Islandais
Frysk: Yslânsk
Gaelg: Eeslynnish
Gàidhlig: Innis-Tìlis
贛語: 冰島語
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pên-tó-ngî
հայերեն: Իսլանդերեն
hornjoserbsce: Islandšćina
hrvatski: Islandski jezik
Bahasa Indonesia: Bahasa Islandia
isiZulu: Isi-Icelandic
íslenska: Íslenska
עברית: איסלנדית
kalaallisut: Islandimiusut
қазақша: Исланд тілі
kernowek: Islandek
Kiswahili: Kiiceland
Кыргызча: Исланд тили
Lëtzebuergesch: Islännesch
lietuvių: Islandų kalba
Limburgs: Ieslandjs
Lingua Franca Nova: Islansce (lingua)
Livvinkarjala: Islandien kieli
македонски: Исландски јазик
Malagasy: Fiteny islandey
მარგალური: ისლანდიური ნინა
Bahasa Melayu: Bahasa Iceland
Nederlands: IJslands
Nedersaksies: Ieslaans
Nordfriisk: Isluns
norsk: Islandsk
norsk nynorsk: Islandsk
occitan: Islandés
олык марий: Исланд йылме
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Island tili
پنجابی: آئیسلینڈی
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ភាសាអាយឡែន
Piemontèis: Lenga islandèisa
Tok Pisin: Tok Aislan
Plattdüütsch: Ieslannsche Spraak
português: Língua islandesa
qırımtatarca: İsland tili
Runa Simi: Islandya simi
Seeltersk: Iesloundsk
sicilianu: Lingua islannisa
Simple English: Icelandic language
slovenčina: Islandčina
slovenščina: Islandščina
српски / srpski: Исландски језик
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Islandski jezik
svenska: Isländska
татарча/tatarça: Исланд теле
Türkçe: İzlandaca
удмурт: Исланд кыл
українська: Ісландська мова
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئىسلاندىيە تىلى
vepsän kel’: Islandijan kel'
Tiếng Việt: Tiếng Iceland
吴语: 冰岛语
粵語: 冰島文
Zazaki: İslandki
žemaitėška: Islandu kalba
中文: 冰岛语