Icelanders

Icelanders
Íslendingar
Total population
383,500[1]–465,000
Regions with significant populations
 Iceland 295,672[2]
 Canada94,205[3]
 United States42,716[4]
 Denmark8,429[5]
 Norway8,274[5]
 Sweden5,454[5]
 United Kingdom2,225[5]
 Germany1,802[5]
 Spain1,122[5]
 Australia980[6]
 Brazil576[5]
 Poland492[5]
Other countries combinedc. 3,000[5]
Languages
Icelandic
Religion
Lutheranism (mainly the Church of Iceland);[7]
Neo-pagan; Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox minorities among other faiths; secular.
Historically Norse paganism, Celtic Christianity (c. 1000) and Catholicism (c. 1000 – 1551).
See Religion in Iceland
Related ethnic groups
Other Germanic peoples, especially Norwegians, Danes, Faroese Islanders

Icelanders (Icelandic: Íslendingar) are a North Germanic ethnic group and nation, native to Iceland, mostly speaking the Germanic language Icelandic.[8]

Icelanders established the country of Iceland in 930 A.D. when Althingi (Parliament) met for the first time. Iceland came under the reign of Norwegian, Swedish and Danish kings but regained full sovereignty and independence from the Danish monarchy on 1 December 1918, when Kingdom of Iceland was established. On 17 June 1944, the monarchy was abolished and the Icelandic republic was founded. The language spoken is Icelandic, a North Germanic language, and Lutheranism is the predominant religion. Historical and DNA records indicate that around 60 to 80 percent of the male settlers were of Norse origin (primarily from Western Norway) and a similar percentage of the women were of Gaelic stock from Ireland and peripheral Scotland.[9][10]

Iceland

Icelanders have had a tumultuous history. Development of the island was slow due to a lack of interest from the countries controlling it for most of its history: Norway, Denmark–Norway, and ultimately Denmark. Through this time, Iceland had relatively little contact with the outside world.[11] The island became independent in personal union with the Kingdom of Denmark in 1918. Since 1944, Iceland has been a republic, and Icelandic society has undergone a rapid modernisation process in the post-independence era.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Yslanders
العربية: آيسلنديون
aragonés: Islandeses
azərbaycanca: İslandlar
تۆرکجه: ایسلند‌لار
беларуская: Ісландцы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Ісьляндцы
български: Исландци
català: Islandesos
čeština: Islanďané
Cymraeg: Islandwyr
Esperanto: Islandanoj
euskara: Islandiar
Gaeilge: Íoslannaigh
հայերեն: Իսլանդացիներ
hrvatski: Islanđani
Bahasa Indonesia: Bangsa Islandia
íslenska: Íslendingar
italiano: Islandesi
עברית: איסלנדים
Кыргызча: Исланддар
latviešu: Islandieši
lietuvių: Islandai
Lingua Franca Nova: Islansce
magyar: Izlandiak
македонски: Исланѓани
მარგალური: ისლანდიარეფი
Nederlands: IJslanders (volk)
нохчийн: Исландхой
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਆਈਸਲੈਂਡਰ
پنجابی: آئیسلینڈر
polski: Islandczycy
português: Islandeses
română: Islandezi
русский: Исландцы
Scots: Icelanders
slovenščina: Islandci
српски / srpski: Исланђани
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Islanđani
svenska: Islänningar
татарча/tatarça: Исландлар
Türkçe: İzlandalılar
українська: Ісландці
Tiếng Việt: Người Iceland
粵語: 冰島人
žemaitėška: Islandā
中文: 冰島人