Hymn

A hymn is a type of song, usually religious, specifically written for the purpose of adoration or prayer, and typically addressed to a deity or deities, or to a prominent figure or personification. The word hymn derives from Greek ὕμνος (hymnos), which means "a song of praise". A writer of hymns is known as a hymnodist. The singing of hymns is called hymnody. Collections of hymns are known as hymnals or hymn books. Hymns may or may not include instrumental accompaniment.

Although most familiar to speakers of English in the context of Christianity, hymns are also a fixture of other world religions, especially on the Indian subcontinent. Hymns also survive from antiquity, especially from Egyptian and Greek cultures. Some of the oldest surviving examples of notated music are hymns with Greek texts.

Origins

Ancient hymns include the Egyptian Great Hymn to the Aten, composed by Pharaoh Akhenaten; the Hurrian Hymn to Nikkal; the Vedas, a collection of hymns in the tradition of Hinduism; and the Psalms, a collection of songs from Judaism. The Western tradition of hymnody begins with the Homeric Hymns, a collection of ancient Greek hymns, the oldest of which were written in the 7th century BC, praising deities of the ancient Greek religions. Surviving from the 3rd century BC is a collection of six literary hymns (Ὕμνοι) by the Alexandrian poet Callimachus.

Patristic writers began applying the term ὕμνος, or hymnus in Latin, to Christian songs of praise, and frequently used the word as a synonym for " psalm". [1]

Other Languages
العربية: ترتيل
asturianu: Himnu
azərbaycanca: Himn
Bân-lâm-gú: Sèng-si
башҡортса: Гимн
беларуская: Гімн
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гімн
български: Химн
bosanski: Himna
català: Himne
čeština: Chvalozpěv
Cymraeg: Emyn
dansk: Hymne
Deutsch: Hymne
eesti: Hümn
español: Himno
Esperanto: Himno
estremeñu: Inu
euskara: Ereserki
français: Hymne religieux
Frysk: Hymne
galego: Himno
한국어: 찬가
hrvatski: Himan
Ido: Himno
Bahasa Indonesia: Himne
Ирон: Гимн
íslenska: Sálmur
italiano: Inno
къарачай-малкъар: Гимн
ქართული: ჰიმნი
қазақша: Әнұран
Kurdî: Beyt
Latina: Hymnus
latviešu: Himna
lietuvių: Giesmė
magyar: Himnusz
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ချီးမွမ်းသီချင်း
Nederlands: Hymne
日本語: 聖歌
нохчийн: Гимн
norsk: Hymne
norsk nynorsk: Hymne
occitan: Imne
олык марий: Чапмуро
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Madhiya
polski: Hymn
português: Hino
română: Imn
русский: Гимн
Scots: Hime
Simple English: Hymn
slovenčina: Chválospev
slovenščina: Himna
ślůnski: Hymn
کوردی: ھیمن
српски / srpski: Химна
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Himan
suomi: Virsi
svenska: Psalmer
Tagalog: Himno
татарча/tatarça: Һимн
Türkçe: İlahi
удмурт: Кунгур
українська: Гімн
Tiếng Việt: Thánh ca
中文: 聖詩