Hyeonjong of Goryeo

Hyeonjong of Goryeo
Hangul현종
Hanja顯宗
Revised RomanizationHyeonjong
McCune–ReischauerHyǒnjong
Birth name
Hangul왕순
Hanja王詢
Revised RomanizationWang Sun
McCune–ReischauerWang Sun
Courtesy name
Hangul안세
Hanja安世
Revised RomanizationAnse
McCune–ReischauerAnse

Hyeonjong of Goryeo (1 August 992 – 17 June 1031, r. 1009–1031) was the 8th ruler of the Goryeo dynasty of Korea. He was a grandson of King Taejo. He was appointed by the military leader Gang Jo, whom the previous King Mokjong had called upon to destroy a plot by Kim Chi-yang.

In 1010, The Khitan attacked again during an internal Goryeo power struggle. Hyeonjong was forced to flee the capital temporarily, Hyeonjong directed the court to move far south to the port city of Naju. But Goryeo repulsed the khitan attack. Finally, Khitan forces withdrew.

In 1019, when Goryeo continued to refuse to submit or return the northern territories, the Khitan attacked once more. Goryeo generals, including Gang Gam-chan, were able to inflict heavy losses on the Khitan army in the Battle of Kwiju. The Khitan withdrew without achieving their demands. The Khitan never again invaded Goryeo. Both the Liao Dynasty and Goryeo enjoyed a time of peace, and their cultures were at their height.

Meantime, Hyeonjong ordered the compilation of the Tripitaka Koreana, which was 6,000 volumes. It is the act of carving the woodblocks that was considered to be a way of bringing about a change in fortune by invoking the Buddha's help.

Family

  • Father : King Anjong of Goryeo (? – 7 July 996) (고려 안종)
    • Grandfather : King Taejo of Goryeo (31 January 877 – 4 July 943) (고려 태조)
    • Grandmother : Queen Shinseong of the Gyeongju Kim clan (신성왕후 김씨)
  • Mother : Queen Heonjeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (966 – 1 July 992) (헌정왕후 왕씨)
    • Grandfather : King Daejong of Goryeo (? – November 969) (고려 대종)
    • Grandmother : Queen Seonui of the Jeongju Ryu clan (선의왕후 유씨)
  • Consorts :
  1. Queen Wonjeong of the Kaesong Wang clan (? – 1018) (원정왕후 왕씨)
  2. Queen Wonhwa of the Gyeongju Choi clan (원화왕후 최씨)
    1. Princess Hyojeong (? – 13 July 1030) (효정공주)
    2. Princess Cheonsu (천수전주)
  3. Queen Wonseong of the Ansan Kim clan (? – 22 July 1028) (원성왕후 김씨)
    1. King Deokjong of Goryeo (9 June 1016 – 31 October 1034) (고려 덕종)
    2. King Jeongjong of Goryeo (31 August 1018 – 24 June 1046) (고려 정종)
    3. Queen Inpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (인평왕후 김씨)
    4. Princess Gyeongsun (경숙공주)
  4. Queen Wonhye of the Ansan Kim clan (? – 30 June 1022) (원혜태후 김씨)
    1. King Munjong of Goryeo (29 December 1019 – 2 September 1083) (고려 문종)
    2. Prince Jeonggan (August 1022 – November 1069) (정간왕)
    3. Queen Hyosa of the Ansan Kim clan (효사왕후 김씨)
  5. Queen Wonyong of the Jeongju Yu clan (원용왕후 유씨)
  6. Queen Wonmok of the Icheon Seo clan (? – 12 May 1057) (원목왕후 서씨)
  7. Queen Wonpyeong of the Ansan Kim clan (? – October 1028) (원평왕후 김씨)
    1. Princess Hyogyeong (효경공주 )
  8. Royal Consort Wonsun Suk-Bi of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? – December 1055) (원순숙비 김씨)
    1. Queen Gyeongseong of the Gyeongju Kim clan (? – 23 July 1086) (경성왕후 김씨)
  9. Royal Consort Wonjil Gwi-Bi of the Cheongju Lee clan (원질귀비 이씨)
  10. Royal Consort Gwi-Bi of the Yu clan (귀비 유씨)
  11. Court Lady Han of the Yangju Han clan (궁인 한씨)
    1. Wang Chung, Prince Geomgyo (왕충 검교태사)
  12. Court Lady Lee (궁인 이씨)
  13. Court Lady Park of the Jeonju Park clan (궁인 박씨)
    1. Unnamed daughter