Human Genome Project

  • logo of the hgp – the vitruvian man by leonardo da vinci.

    the human genome project (hgp) was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the base pairs that make up human dna, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint.[1] it remains the world's largest collaborative biological project.[2] after the idea was picked up in 1984 by the us government when the planning started, the project formally launched in 1990 and was declared complete on april 14, 2003.[3] funding came from the us government through the national institutes of health (nih) as well as numerous other groups from around the world. a parallel project was conducted outside the government by the celera corporation, or celera genomics, which was formally launched in 1998. most of the government-sponsored sequencing was performed in twenty universities and research centers in the united states, the united kingdom, japan, france, germany and china.[4]

    the human genome project originally aimed to map the nucleotides contained in a human haploid reference genome (more than three billion). the "genome" of any given individual is unique; mapping the "human genome" involved sequencing a small number of individuals and then assembling these together to get a complete sequence for each chromosome. therefore, the finished human genome is a mosaic, not representing any one individual.

  • human genome project
  • applications and proposed benefits
  • techniques and analysis
  • public versus private approaches
  • genome donors
  • developments
  • ethical, legal and social issues
  • see also
  • references
  • further reading

Logo of the HGP – the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo da Vinci.

The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international scientific research project with the goal of determining the base pairs that make up human DNA, and of identifying and mapping all of the genes of the human genome from both a physical and a functional standpoint.[1] It remains the world's largest collaborative biological project.[2] After the idea was picked up in 1984 by the US government when the planning started, the project formally launched in 1990 and was declared complete on April 14, 2003.[3] Funding came from the US government through the National Institutes of Health (NIH) as well as numerous other groups from around the world. A parallel project was conducted outside the government by the Celera Corporation, or Celera Genomics, which was formally launched in 1998. Most of the government-sponsored sequencing was performed in twenty universities and research centers in the United States, the United Kingdom, Japan, France, Germany and China.[4]

The Human Genome Project originally aimed to map the nucleotides contained in a human haploid reference genome (more than three billion). The "genome" of any given individual is unique; mapping the "human genome" involved sequencing a small number of individuals and then assembling these together to get a complete sequence for each chromosome. Therefore, the finished human genome is a mosaic, not representing any one individual.

Other Languages
dansk: HUGO
Bahasa Indonesia: Proyek Genom Manusia
Bahasa Melayu: Projek Genom Manusia
српски / srpski: Projekat ljudskog genoma
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Projekat ljudskog genoma