Hualien County

Hualien County
花蓮縣
County
Top:Liyu Lake, Second left:A cigarette product house in Fenglin, Second right:Taroco Gorge in Cross Island Highway, Third left:Qixingtan Beach in Xincheng, Third right:Hualien Railroad Station, Bottom left:Cingshui Cliffs near Suhua Highway, Bottom right:A paddy field in Shoufeng, backyard in Central Mountain Range
Top:Liyu Lake, Second left:A cigarette product house in Fenglin, Second right:Taroco Gorge in Cross Island Highway, Third left:Qixingtan Beach in Xincheng, Third right:Hualien Railroad Station, Bottom left:Cingshui Cliffs near Suhua Highway, Bottom right:A paddy field in Shoufeng, backyard in Central Mountain Range
Flag of Hualien County
Flag
Coat of arms of Hualien County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Hualien County.svg
Coordinates: 23°58′33.86″N 121°36′17.32″E / 23°58′33.86″N 121°36′17.32″E / 23.9760722; 121.6048111
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionEastern Taiwan
SeatHualien City
Largest cityHualien City
Boroughs1 cities, 12 (2 urban, 10 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistrateTsai Pi-chung (acting)
Area
 • Total4,628.5714 km2 (1,787.1014 sq mi)
Area rank1 of 22
Population (December 2014)
 • Total333,392[1]
 • Rank20 of 22
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Websitewww.hl.gov.tw
Symbols
BirdMaroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii)
FlowerLotus (Nymphaeaceae)
TreePeepul (Ficus religiosa)

Hualien County (Chinese: 花蓮縣; pinyin: Huālián Xiàn) is a county on the east coast of Taiwan. It is the largest county by area, yet due to its mountainous terrain, has one of the lowest populations in the country. The county seat and largest city is Hualien City.

Most of the population resides in the Huadong Valley, which runs north to south, sandwiched between the Central and Hai'an mountain ranges. Due to the rural nature of the county, Hualien attracts many visitors for its natural beauty, which include Taroko Gorge, Qingshui Cliff, and Qixingtan Beach.

History

Modern-day Hualien City was originally called Kiray (Chinese: 奇萊; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi), after the Sakiraya Taiwanese aborigines and their settlement.[2]

Spanish settlers arrived in 1622 to pan for gold. Picking up the sounds of native words, these settlers called the area Turumoan (多羅滿; To-lô-boán). Han Chinese settlers arrived in 1851. Qing Dynasty records give the name of the region as Huilan (洄瀾; Hoê-liân; "eddies") due to the whirling of waters in the delta.

Empire of Japan

During Taiwan's Japanese colonial period (1895-1945) the island's Japanese governors opted not to transliterate the name "Kiray" because the Japanese pronunciation of the word resembled the Japanese word for "dislike, disgusting" (嫌い, kirai). The official name became Karen Harbour (花蓮港, Karenkō). Karenkō Prefecture consisted of modern-day Hualien County. Toward the end of World War II the Governor-General of Taiwan moved many Japanese residents of Taiwan to the area to develop agriculture.

Republic of China

After Japan's surrender in 1945, the rule of Taiwan was passed to the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China. Hualien was established as a county named Hualien County of Taiwan Province on 25 December 1945.

A few years later, the Kuomintang soon became refugees in Taiwan following the rise of Communism in China (1949) but continued to govern the island according to the Republic of China constitution. In 1951 Hualien was the first county in Taiwan to be governed according to the ROC local autonomy law.

In the 1980s and 1990s Taiwan transformed itself into a self-governing multiparty democracy. Today the Hualien area serves as the key population centre on the east coast as well as the one of five main life circle regions in Taiwan,together with Taipei, Taichung, Tainan and Kaohsiung.

Other Languages
العربية: هوالين
Bân-lâm-gú: Hoa-liân-koān
čeština: Okres Chua-lien
فارسی: هوالاین
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Fâ-lièn-yen
한국어: 화롄현
Bahasa Indonesia: Kabupaten Hualien
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Huă-lièng
монгол: Хуалянь
Nederlands: Hualien (xiàn)
日本語: 花蓮県
Nordfriisk: Hualien (Lunkreis)
português: Condado de Hualien
Simple English: Hualien County
Türkçe: Hualien (ilçe)
Tiếng Việt: Hoa Liên (huyện)
文言: 花蓮縣
粵語: 花蓮縣
中文: 花蓮縣