Hsinchu County

Hsinchu County

新竹縣
Hsinchu County Montage.png
Flag of Hsinchu County
Flag
Coat of arms of Hsinchu County
Coat of arms
Taiwan ROC political division map Hsinchu County.svg
Coordinates: 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24°50′0″N 121°0′53″E / 24.83333; 121.01472
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
RegionNorthwestern Taiwan
SeatZhubei City
Largest cityZhubei City
Boroughs1 cities, 12 (3 urban, 9 rural) townships
Government
 • County MagistrateYang Wen-ke (KMT)
Area
 • Total1,427.59 km2 (551.20 sq mi)
Area rank12 of 22
Population
(January 2017)
 • Total547,794
 • Rank11 of 22
 • Density380/km2 (990/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (www.hsinchu.gov.tw
Symbols
BirdMuller's barbet (Megalaima oorti)
FlowerCamellia
TreeBroad-leaved podocarpus (Nageia nagi)
Hsinchu County
Traditional Chinese新竹
Simplified Chinese新竹

Hsinchu County (Mandarin Pīnyīn: Xīnzhú Xiàn; Hakka PFS: Sîn-chuk-yen; Hokkien POJ: Sin-tek-koān) is a county in north-western Taiwan. The population of the county is mainly Hakka; there is a Taiwanese aboriginal minority in the southeastern part of the county. Zhubei is the county capital, where the government office and county office is located. A portion of the Hsinchu Science Park is located in Hsinchu County.

History

Before the arrival of Han people, the Hsinchu area was the homeland of Taokas Pingpu, Saisiyat, and Atayal tribes. In 1626, after Spain occupied northern Taiwan, Spanish missionaries arrived at Teckcham (Chinese: 竹塹; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Tek-khàm). Fukienese (Hoklo) and Hakka people came during the Ming Dynasty era (1368-1644) and began to cultivate the land from the plains near the sea towards the river valleys and hills.

Qing Dynasty

In 1684, Zhuluo County was established during Qing Dynasty rule, and Han people again cultivated the Teckcham area. Teckcham was first settled by Han Chinese in 1711 and renamed Hsinchu in 1875.[1] Hsinchu was a part of Taipeh Prefecture. In the late 19th century, Hoklo people dominated the coastal plain area, forcing the Saisiyat and Atayal tribes to move to Jianshi and Wufeng area, while the Hakka and Taokas plains tribes settled together in the river valleys and hills area.

Japanese rule

In 1920, during the Japanese rule of Taiwan, Shinchiku Prefecture covered the areas of modern-day Hsinchu County, Hsinchu City, Miaoli County and Taoyuan City.

Post-war

After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China in 1945, Hsinchu County was established on 25 December 1945.[2]

Xiangshan Township of the county was incorporated into Hsinchu City on 1 July 1982, .

Other Languages
Bân-lâm-gú: Sin-tek-koān
čeština: Okres Sin-ču
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Sîn-chuk-yen
한국어: 신주현
Bahasa Indonesia: Kabupaten Hsinchu
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Sĭng-dé̤ṳk (gâing)
монгол: Шиньжү шянь
Nederlands: Hsinchu (xiàn)
日本語: 新竹県
Nordfriisk: Hsinchu (Lunkreis)
português: Condado de Hsinchu
Simple English: Hsinchu County
Tiếng Việt: Tân Trúc (huyện)
文言: 新竹縣
粵語: 新竹縣
中文: 新竹縣