House of Wittelsbach

House of Wittelsbach
Coat of arms of the Kingdom of Bavaria.svg
CountryBavaria, Germany, Greece, Kalmar Union
EthnicityGerman
Founded11th century
FounderOtto I
Current headFranz, Duke of Bavaria
Final rulerLudwig III
TitlesHoly Roman Emperor
King of the Romans
King of Hungary
King of Denmark
King of Sweden
King of Norway
King of Greece
King of Bavaria
Duke of Bavaria
Elector of Bavaria
Elector of the Palatinate
Elector of Cologne
Deposition7 November 1918
Cadet branchesPalatinate-Simmern,
Palatinate-Sulzbach,
Palatinate-Neumarkt,
Palatinate-Zweibrücken,
Palatinate-Birkenfeld

The House of Wittelsbach (German pronunciation: [ˈvɪtəlsbax]) is a European royal family and a German dynasty from Bavaria.

Members of the family reigned as Dukes of Merania (1153–1180/82), Dukes, Electors and Kings of Bavaria (1180–1918), Counts Palatine of the Rhine (1214–1803 and 1816–1918), Margraves of Brandenburg (1323–1373), Counts of Holland, Hainaut and Zeeland (1345–1432), Elector-Archbishops of Cologne (1583–1761), Dukes of Jülich and Berg (1614–1794/1806), Kings of Sweden (1441–1448 and 1654–1720) and Dukes of Bremen-Verden (1654–1719).

The family also provided two Holy Roman Emperors (1328–1347/1742–1745), one King of the Romans (1400–1410), two Anti-Kings of Bohemia (1619–20/1742–43), one King of Hungary (1305–1309), one King of Denmark and Norway (1440–1447) and one King of Greece (1832–1862).

The family's head, since 1996, is Franz, Duke of Bavaria.

Origin

Wittelsbach Coat of Arms: With the Palatinate the Wittelsbach acquired the lion as an heraldic symbol; the white-and-blue lozenges came to the family when Otto II Wittelsbach, Duke of Bavaria acquired the county of Bogen in 1240

Berthold, Margrave in Bavaria (died 980), was the ancestor of Otto I, Count of Scheyern (died 1072), whose third son Otto II, Count of Scheyern acquired the castle of Wittelsbach (near Aichach). The Counts of Scheyern left Scheyern Castle (constructed around 940) in 1119 for Wittelsbach Castle and the former was given to monks to establish Scheyern Abbey.

The Wittelsbach Conrad of Scheyern-Dachau, a great-grandson of Otto I, Count of Scheyern became Duke of Merania in 1153 and was succeeded by his son Conrad II. It was the first Duchy held by the Wittelsbach family (until 1180/82).

Otto I's eldest son Eckhard I, Count of Scheyern was father of the Count palatine of Bavaria Otto IV (died 1156), who was the first Count of Wittelsbach and whose son Otto was invested with the Duchy of Bavaria in 1180 after the fall of Henry the Lion and hence the first Bavarian ruler from the House of Wittelsbach. Duke Otto's son Louis I, Duke of Bavaria acquired also the Electorate of the Palatinate in 1214.

Other Languages
العربية: فيتلسباخ
беларуская: Род Вітэльсбахаў
български: Вителсбахи
Boarisch: Wittelsbacha
català: Wittelsbach
čeština: Wittelsbachové
Deutsch: Wittelsbach
Esperanto: Vitelsbaĥoj
hrvatski: Wittelsbach
Bahasa Indonesia: Wangsa Wittelsbach
македонски: Вителсбаховци
Nederlands: Huis Wittelsbach
norsk nynorsk: Huset Wittelsbach
پنجابی: وٹلزباخ
русский: Виттельсбахи
Simple English: House of Wittelsbach
slovenčina: Wittelsbachovci
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Wittelsbach
українська: Віттельсбахи
Tiếng Việt: Nhà Wittelsbach
West-Vlams: Huus Wittelsbach