A horticulture student tending to plants in a garden in Lawrenceville, Georgia, 2015

Horticulture has been defined as the culture of plants for food, comfort and beauty.[1] A more precise definition can be given as "The cultivation, processing, and sale of fruits, nuts, vegetables, ornamental plants, and flowers as well as many additional services".[2] It also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, soil management, landscape and garden design, construction, and maintenance, and arboriculture. In contrast to agriculture, horticulture does not include large-scale crop production or animal husbandry.

Horticulturists apply their knowledge, skills, and technologies used to grow intensively produced plants for human food and non-food uses and for personal or social needs. Their work involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, nutritional value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses. They work as gardeners, growers, therapists, designers, and technical advisors in the food and non-food sectors of horticulture. Horticulture even refers to the growing of plants in a field or garden.


The word horticulture is modeled after agriculture, and comes from the Latin hortus "garden"[3] and cultūra "cultivation", from cultus, the perfect passive participle of the verb colō "I cultivate".[4] Hortus is cognate with the native English word yard (in the meaning of land associated with a building) and also the borrowed word garden.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hortologie
العربية: بستنة
asturianu: Horticultura
azərbaycanca: Bitkiçilik
беларуская: Раслінаводства
български: Растениевъдство
bosanski: Hortikultura
català: Horticultura
čeština: Hortikultura
Cymraeg: Garddwriaeth
Deutsch: Gartenbau
español: Horticultura
Esperanto: Hortikulturo
français: Horticulture
galego: Horticultura
한국어: 원예
hrvatski: Hortikultura
Bahasa Indonesia: Hortikultura
italiano: Orticoltura
Кыргызча: Багбанчылык
latviešu: Augkopība
македонски: Хортикултура
Bahasa Melayu: Hortikultur
日本語: 園芸
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਬਾਗਬਾਨੀ
polski: Ogrodnictwo
português: Horticultura
română: Horticultură
shqip: Kopshtaria
Simple English: Horticulture
slovenčina: Rastlinná výroba
српски / srpski: Хортикултура
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hortikultura
Basa Sunda: Hortikultura
svenska: Hortikultur
Tagalog: Hortikultura
татарча/tatarça: Үсемлекчелек
తెలుగు: తోటపని
Türkçe: Hortikültür
українська: Рослинництво
Tiếng Việt: Trồng trọt
Winaray: Hortikultura
粵語: 園藝
中文: 园艺