Honduras

Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras  (Spanish)
Motto: 
  • "Libre, Soberana e Independiente" (Spanish)
  • "Free, Sovereign and Independent"
Anthem: "Himno Nacional de Honduras"
"National Anthem of Honduras"
Location of Honduras
Location of Honduras
Capital
and largest city
Tegucigalpa
14°6′N 87°13′W / 14°6′N 87°13′W / 14.100; -87.217
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups ([1])
Demonym
  • Honduran
  • Catracho(a)
GovernmentPresidential republic
• President
Juan Orlando Hernández
Ricardo Álvarez Arias
Mauricio Oliva
LegislatureNational Congress
Independence
• Declaredb from Spain
15 September 1821
• Declared from the
First Mexican Empire
1 July 1823
• Declared, as Honduras, from the Federal Republic of Central America
5 November 1838
Area
• Total
112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) (101st)
Population
• 2016 estimate
9,112,867[2] (95th)
• 2007 census
7,529,403
• Density
64/km2 (165.8/sq mi) (128th)
GDP (PPP)2017 estimate
• Total
$45.628 billion[3]
• Per capita
$5,492[3]
GDP (nominal)2017 estimate
• Total
$21.790 billion[3]
• Per capita
$2,623[3]
Gini (1992–2007)55.3[4]
high
HDI (2018)Increase 0.617[5]
medium · 133rd
CurrencyLempira (HNL)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
Driving sideright
Calling code+504
ISO 3166 codeHN
Internet TLD.hn
  1. Mixture of European and American Indian.
  2. As part of the Federal Republic of Central America.
Population estimates explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected, as of July 2007.

Honduras (ʊər-/ (About this sound listen), s/;[6] Spanish: [onˈduɾas]), officially the Republic of Honduras (Spanish: República de Honduras), is a country in Central America. It has at times been referred to as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras, which became modern-day Belize.[7] The republic of Honduras is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.

Honduras was home to several important Mesoamerican cultures, most notably the Maya, before the Spanish invaded in the sixteenth century. The Spanish introduced Roman Catholicism and the now predominant Spanish language, along with numerous customs that have blended with the indigenous culture. Honduras became independent in 1821 and has since been a republic, although it has consistently endured much social strife and political instability, and remains one of the poorest countries in the western hemisphere. In 1960, the northern part of what was the Mosquito Coast was transferred from Nicaragua to Honduras by the International Court of Justice.[8]

The nation's economy is primarily agricultural, making it especially vulnerable to natural disasters such as Hurricane Mitch in 1998.[9] The lower class is primarily agriculturally based while wealth is concentrated in the country's urban centers.[10] Honduras has a Human Development Index of 0.625, classifying it as a nation with medium development.[11] When the Index is adjusted for income inequality, its Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index is 0.443.[11]

Honduran society is predominately Mestizo; however, American Indian, Black and White individuals also live in Honduras (2017).[12] The nation had a relatively high political stability until its 2009 coup and again with the 2017 presidential election.[13] Honduras has the world's highest murder rate and high levels of sexual violence.[14][15]

Honduras spans about 112,492 km2 (43,433 sq mi) and has a population exceeding 9 million.[2] Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone, as reflected in the area's demographics and culture. Honduras is known for its rich natural resources, including minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, and sugar cane, as well as for its growing textiles industry, which serves the international market.

Etymology

The literal meaning of the term "Honduras" is "depths" in Spanish. The name could either refer to the bay of Trujillo as an anchorage, fondura in the Leonese dialect of Spanish, or to Columbus's alleged quote that "Gracias a Dios que hemos salido de esas Honduras" ("Thank God we have departed from those depths").[16][17][18]

It was not until the end of the 16th century that Honduras was used for the whole province. Prior to 1580, Honduras referred to only the eastern part of the province, and Higueras referred to the western part.[18] Another early name is Guaymuras, revived as the name for the political dialogue in 2009 that took place in Honduras as opposed to Costa Rica. [19]

Hondurans are often referred to as Catracho or Catracha (fem) in Spanish. The word was coined by Nicaraguans and derives from the last name of the Spanish Honduran General Florencio Xatruch, who in 1857 led Honduran armed forces against an attempted invasion by North American adventurer William Walker. The nickname is considered complimentary, not derogatory.

Other Languages
Acèh: Honduras
адыгабзэ: Гондурас
Afrikaans: Honduras
Alemannisch: Honduras
አማርኛ: ሆንዱራስ
العربية: هندوراس
aragonés: Honduras
arpetan: Honduras
asturianu: Hondures
Avañe'ẽ: Ondúra
Aymar aru: Honduras
azərbaycanca: Honduras
تۆرکجه: هندوراس
bamanankan: Honduras
বাংলা: হন্ডুরাস
Bân-lâm-gú: Honduras
башҡортса: Гондурас
беларуская: Гандурас
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гандурас
भोजपुरी: होंडुरास
Bikol Central: Honduras
български: Хондурас
Boarisch: Honduras
bosanski: Honduras
brezhoneg: Honduras
буряад: Гондурас
català: Hondures
Cebuano: Honduras
čeština: Honduras
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Honduras
chiShona: Honduras
Cymraeg: Hondwras
dansk: Honduras
davvisámegiella: Honduras
Deutsch: Honduras
ދިވެހިބަސް: ހޮންޑިއުރަސް
dolnoserbski: Honduras
डोटेली: होन्डुरस
eesti: Honduras
Ελληνικά: Ονδούρα
эрзянь: Гондурас
español: Honduras
Esperanto: Honduro
estremeñu: Honduras
euskara: Honduras
فارسی: هندوراس
Fiji Hindi: Honduras
føroyskt: Honduras
français: Honduras
Frysk: Hondoeras
Gaeilge: Hondúras
Gagauz: Honduras
Gàidhlig: Hondùras
galego: Honduras
ગુજરાતી: હોન્ડુરાસ
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: होन्डूरस
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Honduras
한국어: 온두라스
հայերեն: Հոնդուրաս
हिन्दी: हौण्डुरस
hornjoserbsce: Honduras
hrvatski: Honduras
Ilokano: Honduras
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: হন্ডুরাস
Bahasa Indonesia: Honduras
interlingua: Honduras
Interlingue: Honduras
isiZulu: Honduras
íslenska: Hondúras
italiano: Honduras
עברית: הונדורס
Basa Jawa: Honduras
Kabɩyɛ: Hɔndurasi
Kapampangan: Honduras
ქართული: ჰონდურასი
қазақша: Гондурас
kernowek: Hondouras
Kinyarwanda: Hondurasi
Kirundi: Honduras
Kiswahili: Honduras
Kongo: Ondura
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ondiras
kurdî: Hondûras
Кыргызча: Гондурас
кырык мары: Гондурас
Ladino: Honduras
لۊری شومالی: ھوندوراس
Latina: Honduria
latviešu: Hondurasa
Lëtzebuergesch: Honduras
lietuvių: Hondūras
Ligure: Honduras
Limburgs: Honduras
lingála: Honduras
Lingua Franca Nova: Onduras
Livvinkarjala: Gonduras
la .lojban.: onduras
lumbaart: Honduras
magyar: Honduras
македонски: Хондурас
Malagasy: Hôndorasy
മലയാളം: ഹോണ്ടുറാസ്
Malti: Ħonduras
მარგალური: ჰონდურასი
Bahasa Melayu: Honduras
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Honduras
монгол: Гондурас
Nāhuatl: Honduras
Dorerin Naoero: Ondurat
Nederlands: Honduras
नेपाली: होन्डुरस
नेपाल भाषा: होण्डुरस
нохчийн: Гондурас
Nordfriisk: Honduuras
Norfuk / Pitkern: Honduras
norsk: Honduras
norsk nynorsk: Honduras
Novial: Honduras
occitan: Onduras
олык марий: Гондурас
Oromoo: Honduraas
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gonduras
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਾਂਡੂਰਾਸ
पालि: हांडूरस
پنجابی: ہونڈراس
Papiamentu: Honduras
پښتو: هندوراس
Patois: Andyuuras
Piemontèis: Honduras
Plattdüütsch: Honduras
polski: Honduras
português: Honduras
Qaraqalpaqsha: Gonduras
qırımtatarca: Honduras
română: Honduras
Runa Simi: Unduras
русиньскый: Гондурас
русский: Гондурас
саха тыла: Хондурас
Gagana Samoa: Honilagi
संस्कृतम्: हांडूरस
sardu: Honduras
Scots: Honduras
shqip: Hondurasi
sicilianu: Honduras
Simple English: Honduras
SiSwati: IHondulasi
slovenčina: Honduras
slovenščina: Honduras
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Ондоурасъ
ślůnski: Hůnduras
Soomaaliga: Honduras
کوردی: ھۆندووراس
српски / srpski: Хондурас
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Honduras
Basa Sunda: Honduras
suomi: Honduras
svenska: Honduras
Tagalog: Honduras
Taqbaylit: Honduras
татарча/tatarça: Һондурас
తెలుగు: హోండురాస్
tetun: Onduras
тоҷикӣ: Ҳондурас
Türkçe: Honduras
українська: Гондурас
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ھوندۇراس
Vahcuengh: Honduras
vèneto: Ònduras
vepsän kel’: Gonduras
Tiếng Việt: Honduras
Volapük: Hondurän
Võro: Honduras
文言: 宏都拉斯
West-Vlams: Honduras
Winaray: Honduras
Wolof: Onduras
吴语: 洪都拉斯
ייִדיש: האנדוראס
Yorùbá: Họ̀ndúràs
粵語: 洪都拉斯
Zazaki: Honduras
Zeêuws: Honduras
žemaitėška: Huondūrs
中文: 洪都拉斯