Homo sapiens

Homo sapiens
Temporal range: 0.28–0  Ma
Middle PleistocenePresent
man and woman in northern Thailand – husband carries stem of banana-plant, which will be fed to their pigs
Male and female
Homo sapiens sapiens
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Suborder: Haplorhini
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Family: Hominidae
Genus: Homo
Species: H. sapiens
Binomial name
Homo sapiens
Linnaeus, 1758

Homo sapiens idaltu
Homo sapiens sapiens

Homo sapiens ( Latin: " wise man") is the binomial nomenclature (also known as the scientific name) for the only known extant human species. Homo is the human genus, which also includes Neanderthals and many other extinct species of hominin; H. sapiens is the only surviving species of the genus Homo. Modern humans are the subspecies Homo sapiens sapiens, distinct from the subspecies argued as our direct ancestor, Homo sapiens idaltu.

The ingenuity and adaptability of Homo sapiens has led to it becoming the most influential species on Earth; it is deemed of least concern on the Red List of endangered species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. [1]

Name and taxonomy

The binomial name Homo sapiens was coined by Carl Linnaeus (1758). [2] The Latin noun homō (genitive hominis) means "human being", whether man or woman.

H. sapiens includes Homo sapiens idaltu, an archaic subspecies of H. sapiens. Extant human populations have historically been divided into subspecies, but since c. the 1980s all extant groups tend to be subsumed into a single subspecies, H. sapiens sapiens. [3]

Some sources show Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) as a subspecies (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis). [4] [5] Similarly, the discovered specimens of the Homo rhodesiensis species have been classified by some as a subspecies (Homo sapiens rhodesiensis), although it remains more common to treat these last two as separate species within the Homo genus rather than as subspecies within H. sapiens. [6]

Other Languages
العربية: إنسان عاقل
aragonés: Homo sapiens
arpetan: Homo sapiens
asturianu: Homo sapiens
беларуская: Чалавек разумны
भोजपुरी: होमो सैपियंस
български: Разумен човек
bosanski: Homo sapiens
Cymraeg: Homo sapiens
español: Homo sapiens
estremeñu: Homo Sapiens
français: Homo sapiens
interlingua: Humano
italiano: Homo sapiens
қазақша: Гомо сапиенс
Kreyòl ayisyen: Homo sapiens
Latina: Homo sapiens
Lëtzebuergesch: Mënsch
Mirandés: Homo sapiens
Novial: Homo sapiens
occitan: Homo sapiens
Plattdüütsch: Homo sapiens
português: Homo sapiens
română: Homo sapiens
русиньскый: Чоловік розумный
Simple English: Homo sapiens
српски / srpski: Homo sapijens
українська: Людина розумна
vèneto: Homo sapiens
Tiếng Việt: Homo sapiens
吴语: 智人
粵語: 智人