Name and taxonomy
binomial name Homo sapiens was coined by
Carl Linnaeus (1758).
homō (genitive hominis) means "human being", whether man or woman.
H. sapiens includes
Homo sapiens idaltu, an archaic
subspecies of H. sapiens. Extant human populations have historically been divided into subspecies, but since c. the 1980s all extant groups tend to be subsumed into a single subspecies, H. sapiens sapiens.
Some sources show
Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) as a subspecies (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis).
 Similarly, the discovered specimens of the
Homo rhodesiensis species have been classified by some as a subspecies (Homo sapiens rhodesiensis), although it remains more common to treat these last two as separate species within the Homo genus rather than as subspecies within H. sapiens.