Homo sapiens

Homo sapiens
Temporal range: 0.3–0 MaMiddle PleistocenePresent
Akha man and woman in northern Thailand – husband carries stem of banana-plant, which will be fed to their pigs
Male and female H s. sapiens
(Akha in northern Thailand,
2010 photograph)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class:Mammalia
Order:Primates
Suborder:Haplorhini
Infraorder:Simiiformes
Family:Hominidae
Genus:Homo
Species:H. sapiens
Binomial name
Homo sapiens
Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies

H. s. sapiens
H. s. idaltu
H. s. neanderthalensis(?)
H. s. rhodesiensis(?)
(others proposed)

Homo sapiens is the systematic name used in taxonomy (also known as binomial nomenclature) for anatomically modern humans, i.e. the only extant human species. The name is Latin for "wise man" and was introduced in 1758 by Carl Linnaeus (who is himself also the type specimen).

Extinct species of the genus Homo are classified as "archaic humans". This includes at least the separate species Homo erectus, and possibly a number of other species (which are variously also considered subspecies of either H. sapiens or H. erectus). H. sapiens idaltu (2003) is a proposed extinct subspecies of H. sapiens.

The age of speciation of H. sapiens out of ancestral H. erectus (or an intermediate species such as Homo heidelbergensis) is estimated to have taken place at roughly 315,000 years ago. However, there is known to have been continued admixture from archaic human species until as late as some 30,000 years ago; this is also the time of disappearance of any surviving archaic human species, which were apparently absorbed by the recent Out-Of-Africa expansion of Homo sapiens beginning some 50,000 years ago.

Name and taxonomy

The binomial name Homo sapiens was coined by Carl Linnaeus (1758).[2] The Latin noun homō (genitive hominis) means "human being."

Extant human populations have historically been divided into subspecies, but since c. the 1980s all extant groups tend to be subsumed into a single species, H. sapiens, avoiding division into subspecies altogether.[3]

Some sources show Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) as a subspecies (Homo sapiens neanderthalensis).[4][5] Similarly, the discovered specimens of the Homo rhodesiensis species have been classified by some as a subspecies (Homo sapiens rhodesiensis), although it remains more common to treat these last two as separate species within the Homo genus rather than as subspecies within H. sapiens.[6]

Other Languages
العربية: إنسان عاقل
aragonés: Homo sapiens
arpetan: Homo sapiens
asturianu: Homo sapiens
Basa Banyumasan: Menungsa
беларуская: Чалавек разумны
भोजपुरी: होमो सैपियंस
български: Разумен човек
bosanski: Homo sapiens
Cymraeg: Homo sapiens
español: Homo sapiens
estremeñu: Homo Sapiens
français: Homo sapiens
interlingua: Humano
italiano: Homo sapiens
қазақша: Гомо сапиенс
Kreyòl ayisyen: Homo sapiens
Latina: Homo sapiens
Lëtzebuergesch: Mënsch
Mirandés: Homo sapiens
Novial: Homo sapiens
occitan: Homo sapiens
Plattdüütsch: Homo sapiens
português: Homo sapiens
română: Homo sapiens
русиньскый: Чоловік розумный
Simple English: Homo sapiens
српски / srpski: Homo sapijens
українська: Людина розумна
vèneto: Homo sapiens
Tiếng Việt: Homo sapiens
吴语: 智人
粵語: 智人
中文: 智人